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CHAPTER I THE CAPPING OF AN ORDINARY OFFICER'S SON (Part I.)

I, Divining 2 for the Day. 

(a) The divining (with the stalks) is carried on in the doorway of the ancestral temple. 3 

(b) The father of the boy, as Master of Ceremonies, in his dark cap, dress clothes, black silk girdle, and white knee-pads, takes his place on the east side of the doorway, with his face to the west. 

(c) The assistants, dressed like the Master of Ceremonies, take their places on the west side, facing east, and graded from the north. 

(d) The divining stalks, the mat, and the recording materials, are all laid out in the western gatehouse. 4 

(e) Then the mat is spread in the doorway, to the west of the mid-post, 5 and outside the threshold. 

(f) Taking up the stalks, the diviner draws off the upper case, and holding it, along with the stalks, still in the lower case, he goes forward to take his instructions from the Master of Ceremonies. 

(g) The steward, standing on the Master of Ceremonies'
VOL. I. 1 B 

right, and a little behind him, assists byvoicing the instructions. 

(h) The diviner assents, and, turning to the right, goes to his mat and sits down, 6 facing west, his recorder being on his left. 

(i) When he has finished manipulating the stalks, the diagram resulting is written on a board, and shown to the Master of Ceremonies. 

(j) He takes it, and, after looking at it, returns it. 

(k) Then those taking part in the divination examine the diagram in turn, and when they have finished, the diviner reports that the result is favourable. 

(l) If the result is unfavourable, they proceed to divine for a day farther off, 7 observing the same rules as above. 

(m) Then the stalks and the mat are removed. 

(n) And the Director of Ceremonial announces that the business is at an end. 

2. Apprising the Guests. 

(a) The Master of Ceremonies in person apprises his friends who are to be guests at the ceremony, who, after formally asking to be excused, finally consent. 

(b) The Master of Ceremonies bows twice, and the guest bows in return ; whereupon he withdraws, the guest bowing him farewell. 

3. Divining for the Principal Guest. 8 
Three days before the date fixed for the ceremony they divine concerning the man selected to be the principal guest, with usages similar to those employed in divining concerning the day. 

4. The Bidding of the Principal Guest, 
(a) Then the Master of Ceremonies goes in person forthwith to bid the principal guest. He, dressed like 


the Master of Ceremonies, comes out to the left of his own door, and, turning west, bows twice. The Master of Ceremonies, facing east, returns the bows. 

(b) The Master of Ceremonies then bids the guest, who accepts. The Master of Ceremonies bows twice, and the guest returns his bows. Thereafter the Master of Ceremonies retires, the guest bowing farewell to him as he goes. 

(c) The bidding of the other assistants at the capping is conducted in a similar fashion. 

5. Fixing the Time. 

(a) On the eve of the day the time is fixed outside the door of the temple. The Master of Ceremonies stands to the east of the door, with his brothers and cousins to the south of him, and slightly retired, facing west, and graded from the north. The assistants, ail dressed as at the bidding, stand on the west side of the door, facing east, and graded from the north. 

(b) The usher asks the Master of Ceremonies to name a time ; and when he has done so, the steward announces it, saying : " To-morrow, at full light, the ceremony will commence." 

(c) The usher announces this to the relatives and the assistants. 

(d) The Director of Ceremonial declares that the business is at an end. 

(e) Then the usher announces the time at the houses of the guests. 

6. Laying out the Clothes and Apparatus. 

(a) Rising early in the morning, they set out the used-water jar^ abreast the eastern wall, and as far south of it as the depth of the hall, the water being placed to the east of the jar. 


(b) They then set out the clothes for the graduand under the west wall of the east chamber, collars eastwards, and graded from the north. 

(c) There is the russet-coloured cap suit 10 : the crimson skirt, the black silk coat, and the red leather knee-caps. 

(d) The white deer-skin cap suit 11 : the white surcingle, the black silk girdle, and the white kneecaps. 

(e) For the suit of dark square-clothes,12 the dark skirt, yellow skirt, or skirt of mixed colours, black and yellow will do, with the black silk girdle and the russet knee-caps. 

(f) There are also the dark cloth cap, with its band split at the back, and laced, the blue silk pin-string 13 being fixed on to it ; the black silk coif-cloth, whose breadth is the breadth of a web of cloth, and its length six feet ; the hatpin worn with the skin cap, and the hatpin worn with the russet cap. The dark hatstrings 14 are also there with their crimson edge, and all are put together in a square splint trunk. 

(g) The comb is placed in a round box. 

(h) Two mats are spread to the south of the clothes. 

(t) The single wine-holder is a jar of must, placed to the north of the clothes, with next it the cup-basket, in which are placed the ladle, goblet, and spoon. After this come the relishes : the dried meat, and pickled hash, graded from the south. 

(j) The attendants take the russet, skin, and dark cloth caps, each in its own box, and wait to the south of the western cupboard, 15 with their faces southward, graded from the east ; and when the principal guest is ascending the steps, they face the east. 


7. Taking their Places. 

(a) The Master of Ceremonies, in dark square clothes and russet knee-caps, stands at the foot of the eastern steps, in line with the eastern inner wall, and facing west. 

(b) The relatives, in suits all black, stand behind him to the east of the water-jar, facing westward, and graded from the north. 

(c) The usher, in black square-clothes, stands with his back to the east gate-house. 

(d) The graduand, in coloured clothes, 16 and with his hair tied together, stands in the chamber with his face southward. 

8. Meeting the Principal Guest. 

(a) The guest, dressed like the Master of Ceremonies, and followed by his attendants in black squareclothes, stands outside the outer gate. 

(b) The usher, to whom his arrival has been intimated, announces his coming to the Master of Ceremonies. 

(c) He goes to meet him, issuing by the left of the door. Turning his face west, he bows twice, the guest bowing in return. 

(d) The Master of Ceremonies then salutes the attendants, exchanges a salutation with the guest, and finally precedes him in. 

(e) At each turn in their progress he again salutes. 17 
(f) When they arrive at the door of the temple he salutes again, inviting him to enter, and in the advance up the court he salutes three times. 18 

(g) When they arrive at the steps they mutually yield precedence three times. 

(A) Then the Master of Ceremonies ascends, and 


stands at the end of the eastern inner wall, facing west ; and the guest, standing at the end of the west inner wall, faces east, 

9. The First Capping. 

(a) The attendants wash their hands at the west side of the used-water jar, and then go up, and stand within the chamber, facing west, and graded from the south. 

(b) The assistant to the Master of Ceremonies spreads a mat near the end of the east inner wall, a little to the north, and facing west. 

(c) The graduand issues from the chamber, and stands with his face to the south. 

(d) The assistant lays out the coif-cloth, hatpin, and comb on the southern end of the mat. 

(e) The principal guest salutes the graduand, who goes forward to the mat and sits down ; after which the assistant combs his hair, and puts on him the coif-cloth. 

(f) The guest goes down the western steps to wash his hands, while the Master of Ceremonies goes down those on the east, the guest dechning the honour, and the Master of Ceremonies making a suitable reply. 

(g) When the guest has finished his washing, he goes up the steps again, w^ith one salute from the Master of Ceremonies and a corresponding yielding of precedence on the part of the guest. Then the Master ascends the eastern steps, and returns to his former place. 

(h) The guest sits down in front of the mat and adjusts the coif-cloth ; after which he gets up, and goes down one of the western steps. The attendant, carrying the dark cloth hat, comes up one of the steps, and, facing east, hands it to the guest. 


(i) The guest takes the back of the hatband in his right hand, and the front of it in his left, and, going forward in stately fashion, pronounces a blessing, sits down as before, and puts the hat on the graduand. He then gets up and returns to his place, after which the attendant finishes the fixing on of the hat. 

(j) When the capped youth rises, the guest salutes him, and he goes to the chamber, puts on the black square-clothes and the russet knee-caps, and, issuing from the chamber, stands with his face to the south. 

10. The Second Capping. 

(a) The guest salutes the graduand, who then advances to the mat and sits down. His hair is combed, and the hairpin adjusted by the assistant. Then the guest washes his hands, and adjusts the coif-cloth as before. Afterwards he goes down two of the western steps and, receiving the skin cap with the hinder part in his right hand and the front in his left, advances, pronounces a blessing, and puts it on as before. After this the assistant finishes the tying of the pin-cord. 

(b) When the graduand rises the guest salutes him, and he goes to the chamber and puts on the white surcingle and knee-caps, and, assuming a grave air, issues from the chamber and stands with his face to the south. 

11. The Third Capping. 

(a) The guest goes down all three of the western steps, and receiving the russet cap, puts it on the graduand. He, for this occasion, puis on the crimson skirt and the red knee-caps, the remainder of the details being as before. 

(b) Then the skin cap, the cloth cap, the comb, and the mats are removed and taken into the chamber. 
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