文王在上、於昭于天。 周雖舊邦、其命維新。 有周不顯、帝命不時。 文王陟降、在帝左右。
亹亹文王、令聞不已。 陳錫哉周、侯文王孫子。 文王孫子、本支百世。 凡周之士、不顯亦世。
世之不顯、厥猶翼翼。 思皇多士、生此王國。 王國克生、維周之楨。 濟濟多士、文王以寧。
穆穆文王、於緝熙敬止。 假哉天命、有商孫子。 商之孫子、其麗不億。 上帝既命、侯於周服。
侯服于周、天命靡常。 殷士膚敏、祼將于京。 厥作祼將、常服黼冔。 王之藎臣、無念爾祖。
無念爾祖、聿脩厥德。 永言配命、自求多福。 殷之未喪師、克配上帝。 宜鑒于殷、駿命不易。
命之不易、無遏爾躬。 宣昭義問、有虞殷自天。 上天之載、無聲無臭。 儀刑文王、萬邦作孚。
King Wen is on high ; Oh ! bright is he in heaven . Although Zhou was an old country , The [favouring] appointment lighted on it recently . Illustrious was the House of Zhou , And the appointment of God came at the proper season . King Wen ascends and descends , On the left and the right of God .
Full of earnest activity was king Wen , And his fame is without end . The gifts [of God] to Zhou , Extend to the descendants of king Wen ; -- To the descendants of king Wen , In the direct line and the collateral branches for a hundred generations . All the officers of Zhou , Shall [also] be illustrious from age to age .
They shall be illustrious from age to age , Zealously and reverently pursuing their plans . Admirable are the many officers , Born in this royal kingdom . The royal kingdom is able to produce them , -- The suppporters of [the House of] Zhou . Numerous is the array of officers , And by them king Wen enjoys his repose .
Profound was king Wen ; Oh ! continuous and bright was his feeling of reverence . Great is the appointment of Heaven ! There were the descendants of [the sovereigns] of Shang ; -- The descendants of the sovereigns of Shang , Were in number more than hundreds of thousands ; But when God gave the command , They became subject to Zhou .
They became subject to Zhou . The appointment of Heaven is not constant . The officers of Yin , admirable and alert , Assist at the libations in [our] capital ; -- They assist at those libations , Always wearing the hatchets on their lower garment and their peculiar cap . O ye loyal ministers of the king , Ever think of your ancestor !
Ever think of your ancestor , Cultivating your virtue , Always striving to accord with the will [of Heaven] . So shall you be seeking for much happiness . Before Yin lost the multitudes , [Its kings] were the assessors fo God . Look to Yin as a beacon ; The great appointment is not easily [preserved] .
The appointment is not easily [preserved] , Do not cause your own extinction . Display and make bright your righteousness and name , And look at [the fate of] Yin in the light of Heaven . The doings of High Heaven , Have neither sound nor smell . Take your pattern from king Wen , And the myriad regions will repose confidence in you .
明明在下、赫赫在上。 天難忱斯、不易維王。 天位殷適、使不挾四方。
摯仲氏任、自彼殷商、來嫁于周、曰嬪于京。 乃及王季、維德之行。 大任有身、生此文王。
維此文王、小心翼翼。 昭事上帝、聿懷多福。 厥德不回、以受方國。
天監在下、有命既集。 文王初載、天作之合。 在洽之陽、在渭之涘。 文王嘉止、大邦有子。
大邦有子、俔天之妹。 文定厥祥、親迎于渭。 造舟為梁、不顧其光。
有命自天、命此文王。 于周于京、纘女維莘。 長子維行、篤生武王。 保右命爾、燮伐大商。
殷商之旅、其會如林。 矢于牧野、維予侯興。 上帝臨女、無貳爾心。
牧野洋洋、檀車煌煌、駟騵彭彭。 維師尚父、時維鷹揚、涼彼武王、肆伐大商。 會朝清明。
The illustration of illustrious [virtue] is required below , And the dread majesty is on high . Heaven is not readily to be relied on ; It is not easy to be king . Yin's rightful heir to the heavenly seat , Was not permitted to possess the kingdom .
Jin , the second of the princesses of Zhi , From [the domain of] Yin-shang , Came to be married to the prince of Zhou , And because his wife in his capital , Both she and king Ji , Were entirely virtuous . [Then] Da-ren became pregnant , And gave birth to our king Wen .
This king Wen , Watchfully and reverently , With entire intelligence served God , And so secured the great blessing . His virtue was without deflection ; And in consequence he received [the allegiance of] the States from all quarters .
Heaven surveyed this lower world ; And its appointment lighted [on king Wen] . In his early years , It made for him a mate ; -- On the north of the Qia ; On the banks of the Wei . When king Wen would wive , There was the lady in a large State .
In a large State was the lady , Like a fair denizen of Heaven . The ceremonies determined the auspiciousness [of the union] . And in person he met her on the Wei . Over it he made a bridge of boats ; -- The glory [of the occasion] was illustrious .
The favouring appointment was from Heaven , Giving the throne to our king Wen , In the capital of Zhou . The lady-successor was from Xin , Its eldest daughter , who came to marry him . She was blessed to give birth to king Wu , Who was preserved , and helped , and received also the appointment , And in accordance with it smote the great Shang .
The troops of Yin-shang , Were collected like a forest , And marshalled in the wilderness of Mu . We rose [to the crisis] ; -- 'God is with you , ' [said Shang-fu to the king] , 'Have no doubts in your heart . '
The wilderness of Mu spread out extensive ; Bright shone the chariots of sandal ; The teams of bays , black-maned and white-bellied , galloped along ; The grand-master Shang-fu , Was like an eagle on the wing , Assisting king Wu , Who at one onset smote the great Shang . That morning's encounter was followed by a clear bright [day] .
綿綿瓜瓞。 民之初生、自土沮漆。 古公亶父、陶父陶穴、未有家室。
古公亶父、來朝走馬。 率西水滸、至于岐下。 爰及姜女、聿來胥宇。
周原膴膴、菫茶如飴。 爰始爰謀、爰契我龜。 曰止曰時、築室于茲。
迺立皋門、皋門有伉。 迺立應門、應門將將。 迺立冢土、戎醜攸行。
肆不殄厥慍、亦不隕厥問。 柞棫拔矣、行道兌矣。 混夷駾矣、維其喙矣。
In long trains ever increasing grow the gourds . When [our] people first sprang , From the country about the Ju and the Qi , The ancient duke Tan-fu , Made for them kiln-like huts and caves , Ere they had yet any houses .
The ancient duke Tan-fu , Came in the morning , galloping his horses , Along the banks of the western rivers , To the foot of [mount] Qi ; And there , he and the lady Jiang , Came , and together looked out for a site on which to settle .
The plain of Zhou looked beautiful and rich , With its violets and sowthistles [sweet] as dumplings . There he began with consulting [his followers] ; There he singed the tortoise-shell , [and divined] . The responses were - there to stay , and then ; And they proceeded there to build their houses .
He encouraged the people and settled them ; Here on the left , there on the right . He divided the ground into larger tracts and smaller portions ; He dug the ditches ; he defined the acres ; From the west to the east , There was nothing which he did not take in hand .
He called his superintendent of works ; He called his minister of instruction ; And charged them with the building of the houses . With the line they made everything straight ; They bound the frame-boards tight , so that they should rise regularly . Uprose the ancestral temple in its solemn grandeur .
Crowds brought the earth in baskets They threw it with shouts into the frames ; They beat it with responsive blows ; They pared the walls repeatedly , and they sounded strong . Five thousand cubits of them arose together , So that the roll of the great drum did not overpower [the noise of the builders] .
They set up the gate of the enceinte ; And the gate of the enceinte stood high . They set up the court gate ; And the court gate stood grand . They reared the great altar [to the Spirits of the land] , From which all great movements should proceed .
Thus though he could nto prevent the rage [of his foes] , He did not let fall his own fame . The oaks and the Yu were [gradually] thinned , And roads for travelling were opened . The hordes of the Hun disappeared , Startled and panting .
[The chiefs of] Yu and Rui were brought to an agreement , By king Wen's stimulating their natural virtue . Then , I may say , some came to him , previously not knowing him ; And some , drawn the last by the first ; And some , drawn by his rapid success ; Ans some , by his defence [of the weak] from insult .
芃芃棫樸。 薪之槱之。 濟濟辟王。 左右趣之。
濟濟辟王。 左右奉璋。 奉璋峨峨。 髦士攸宜。
淠彼涇舟。 烝徒楫之。 周王于邁。 六師及之。
倬彼雲漢。 為章于天。 周王壽考。 遐不作人。
追琢其章。 金玉其相。 勉勉我王。 綱紀四方。
Abundant is the growth of the yu and the pu , Supplying firewood ; yea , stores of it . Elegant and dignified was our prince and king ; On the right and the left they hastened to him .
Elegant and dignified was our prince and king ; On his left and his right they bore their half-mace [libation-cups] ; -- They bore their instruments with solemn gravity , As beseemed such eminent officers .
They rush along , -- those boats on the King . All the rowers labouring at their oars . The king of Zhou marched on , Followed by his six hosts .
Vast is that Milky Way , Making a brilliant figure in the sky . Long years did the king of Zhou enjoy ; -- Did he not exert an influence upon men ?
Engraved and chiselled are the ornaments ; Of metal and of jade is their substance . Ever active was our king , Giving law and rules to the four quarters [of the kingdom] .
Look at the foot of the Han , How abundantly grow the hazel and the arrow-thorn ! Easy and self-possessed was our prince , In his pursuit of dignity [still] easy and self-possessed !
Massive is that libation-cup of jade , With the yellow liquid [sparkling] in it . Easy and self-possessed was our prince , The fit recipient of blessing and dignity .
The hawk flies up to heaven ; The fishes leap in the deep . Easy and self-possessed was our-prince ; -- Did he not exert an influence upon men ?
His clear spirits are in vessel ; His red bull is ready ; -- To offer , to sacrifice , To increase his bright happiness .
Thick grow the oaks and the yu , Which the people use for fuel . Easy and self-possessed was our prince , Cheered and encouraged by the Spirits .
Luxuriant are the dolichos and other creepers , Clinging to the branches and stems , Easy and self-possessed was our prince , Seeking for happiness by no crooked ways .
Pure and reverent was Da-ren , The mother of king Wen ; Loving was she to Zhou Jiang ; -- A wife becoming the House of Zhou . Da-si inherited her excellent fame , And from her came a hundred sons .
He conformed to the example of his ancestors , And their Spirits had no occasion for complaint . Their Spirits had no occasion for dissatisfaction , And his example acted on his wife , Extended to his brethren , And was felt by all the clans and States .
Full of harmony was he in his palace ; Full of reverence in the ancestral temple . Out of sight he still felt as under inspection ; Unweariedly he maintained [his virtue] .
Though he could not prevent [some] great calamities , His brightness and magnanimity were without stain . Without previous instruction he did what was right ; Without admonition , he went on [in the path of goodness] .
So , grown up men became virtuous [through him] , And young men made [constant] attainments . [Our] ancient prince never felt weariness , And from him were the fame and eminence of his officers .
皇矣上帝、臨下有赫。 監觀四方、求民之莫。 維此二國、其政不獲。 維彼四國、爰究爰度。 上帝耆之、憎其式廓。 乃眷西顧、止維與宅。
作之屏之、其菑其翳。 脩之平之、其灌其栵。 啟之辟之、其檉其椐。 攘之剔之、其 yan 其柘。 帝遷明德、串夷載路。 天立厥配、受命既固。
帝省其山、柞棫斯拔、松柏斯兌。 帝作邦作對、自大伯王季。 維此王季、因心則友。 則友其兄、則篤其慶。 載錫之光、受祿無喪、奄有四方。
維此王季、帝度其心、貊其德音。 其德克明、克明克類、克長克君。 王此大邦、克順克比。 比于文王、其德靡悔。 既受帝祉、施于孫子。
帝謂文王、無然畔援、無然歆羨、誕先登于岸。 密人不恭、敢距大邦、侵阮徂共。 王赫斯怒、爰整其旅、以按徂旅、以篤于周祜、以對于天下。
依其在京、侵自阮疆、陟我高岡。 無矢我陵、我陵我阿。 無飲我泉、我泉我池。 度其鮮原、居歧之陽、在渭之將。 萬邦之方、下民之王。
帝謂文王、予懷明德、不大聲以色、不長夏以革。 不識不知、順帝之則。 帝謂文王、詢爾仇方、同爾兄弟、以爾鉤援、與爾臨衝、以我崇墉。
臨衝閑閑、崇墉言言。 執訊連連、攸馘安安。 是類是禡、是致是附。 四方以無悔。 臨衝茀茀、崇墉仡仡。 是伐是肆、是絕是忽。 四方以無拂。
Great is God , Beholding this lower world in majesty . He surveyed the four quarters [of the kingdom] , Seeking for some one to give settlement to the people . Those two [earlier] dynasties , Had failed to satisfy Him with their government ; So throughout the various States , He sought and considered , For one on which he might confer the rule . Hating all the great [States] , He turned His kind regards on the west , And there gave a settlement [to king Da] .
[King Da] raised up and removed , The dead trunks , and the fallen trees . He dressed and regulated , The bushy clumps , and the [tangled] rows . He opened up and cleared , The tamarix trees , and the stave-trees . He hewed and thinned , The mountain-mulberry trees . God having brought about the removal thither of this intelligent ruler , The Guan hordes fled away . Heaven raised up a helpmeet for him . And the appointment he had received was made sure .
God surveyed the hills , Where the oaks and yu were thinned , And paths made through the firs and cypresses . God , who had raised the State , raised up a proper ruler for it ; -- From the time of Da-bo and king Ju [this was done] . Now this king Ju , In his heart was full of brotherly duty . Full of duty to his elder brother , He gave himself the more to promote the prosperity [of the country] , And secured to him the glory [of his act] . He accepted his dignity , and did not lose it , And [ere long his family] possessed the whole kingdom .
The king Ju , Was gifted by God with the power of judgement , So that the fame of his virtue silently grew . His virtue was highly intelligent ; -- Highly intelligent and of rare discrimination ; Able to lead , able to rule , -- To rule over this great country ; Rendering a cordial submission , effecting a cordial union . When [the sway] came to king Wen , His virtue left nothing to be dissatisfied with . He received the blessing of God , And it was extended to his descendants .
God said to king Wen , ' Be not like those who reject this and cling to that ; Be not like those who are ruled by their likings and desires ; ' So he grandly ascended before others to the height [of virtue] . The people of Mi were disobedient , Daring to oppose our great country , And invaded Yuan , marching to Gung . The king rose majestic in his wrath ; He marshalled his troops , To stop the invading foes ; To consolidate the prosperity of Zhou ; To meet [the expectations of ] all under heaven .
He remained quietly in the capital ; But [his troops] went on from the borders of Yuan . They ascended our lofty ridges , And [the enemy] arrayed no forces on our hills , On our hills , small or large , Nor drank at our springs , Our springs or our pools . He then determined the finest of the plains , And settled on the south of Ju , On the side of the Wei ; The centre of all the States , The resort of the lower people .
God said to king Wen , 'I am pleased with your intelligent virtue , Not loudly proclaimed nor pourtrayed , Without extravagance or changeableness , Without consciousness of effort on your part , In accordance with the pattern of God . ' God said to king Wen , ' Take measures against the country of your foes . Along with your brethren , Get ready your scaling ladders , And yoru engines of onfall and assault , To attack the walls of Chong . '
The engines of onfall and assault were gently plied , Against the walls of Chong high and great ; Captives for the question were brought in one after another ; ' The left ears [of the slain] were taken leisurely . He sacrificed to God , and to the Father of War , Thus seeking to induce submission ; And throughout the kingdom none dared to insult him . The engines of onfall and assault were vigorously plied , Against the walls of Chong very strong ; He attacked it , and let loose all his forces ; He extinguished [its sacrifices] , and made an end of its existence ; And throughout the kingdom none dared to oppose him .'
經始靈臺、經之營之。 庶民攻之、不日成之。 經始勿亟、庶民子來。
When he planned the commencement of the marvellous tower , He planned it , and defined it ; And the people in crowds undertook the work , And in no time completed it . When he planned the commencement , [he said] , ' Be not in a hurry ; ' But the people came as if they were his children .
The king was in the marvellous park , Where the does were lying down , -- The does , so sleek and fat ; With the white birds glistening . The king was by the marvellous pond ; -- How full was it of fishes leaping about !
On his posts was the toothed face-board , high and strong , With the large drums and bells . In what unison were their sounds ! What joy was there in the hall with its circlet of water !
In what unison sounded the drums and bells ! What joy was there in the hall with its circlet of water ! The lizard-skin drums rolled harmonious , As the blind musicians performed their parts .
Successors tread in the steps [of their predecessors] in our Zhou . For generations there had been wise kings ; The three sovereigns were in heaven ; And king [Wu] was their worthy successor in his capital .
King [Wu] was their worthy successor in his capital , Rousing himself to seek for the hereditary virtue , Always striving to accord with the will [of Heaven] ; And thus he secured the confidence due to a king .
He secured the confidence due to a king , And became a pattern of all below him . Ever thinking how to be filial , His filial mind was the model [which he supplied] .
Men loved him , the One man , And responded [to his example] with a docile virtue . Ever thinking how to be filial , He brilliantly continued the doings [of his fathers] .
Brilliantly ! and his posterity , Continuing to walk in the steps of their forefathers , For myriads of years , Will receive the blessing of Heaven .
They will receive the blessing of Heaven . And from the four quarters [of the kingdom] will felicitations come to them . For myriads of years , Will there not be their helpers ?
文王有聲、遹駿有聲。 遹求厥寧、遹觀厥成。 文王烝哉。
文王受命、有此武功。 既伐于崇、作邑于豐。 文王烝哉。
築城伊淢、作豐伊匹。 匪棘其欲、遹追來孝。 王后烝哉。
王公伊濯、為豐之垣。 四方攸同、王后維翰。 王后烝哉。
豐水東注、維禹之績。 四方攸同、皇王維辟。 皇王烝哉。
鎬京辟廱。 自西自東、自南自北、無思不服。 皇王烝哉。
考卜維王、宅是鎬京。 維龜正之、武王成之。 武王烝哉。
豐水有芑、武王豈不仕。 詒厥孫謀、以燕翼子。 武王烝哉。
King Wen is famous ; Yea , he is very famous . What he sought was the repose [of the people] ; What he saw was the completion [of his work] . A sovereign true was king Wen !
King Wen received the appointment [of Heaven] , And achieved his martial success . Having overthrown Chong , He fixed his [capital] city in Feng . A sovereign true was king Wen !
He repaired the walls along the [old] moat : His establishing himself in Feng was according to [the pattern of his forefathers] , It was not that he was in haste to gratify his wishes ; -- It was to show the filial duty which had come down to him . A sovereign true was [our] royal prince !
His royal merit was brightly displayed , By those walls of Feng . There were collected [the sympathies of the people of] the four quarters , Who regarded the royal prince as their protector . A sovereign true was [our] royal prince !
The Feng-water flowed on to the east [of the city] , Through the meritorious labour of Yu . There were collected [the sympathies of the people of ] the four quarters , Who would have the great king as their ruler . A sovereign true was the great king !
In the capital of Hao he built his hall with its circlet of water ; From the west to the east , From the south to the north , There was not a thought but did him homage . A sovereign true was the great king !
He examined and divined , did the king , About settling in the capital of Hao . The tortoise-shell decided the site , And king Wu completed the city . A sovereign true was king Wu !
By the Feng-water grows the white millet ; -- Did not king Wu show wisdom in his employment of officers ? He would leave his plans to his descendants , And secure comfort and support to his son . A sovereign true was king Wu !