The Eleventh Dynasty, called Tchin, which had Five Emperors in the Space of 33 Years.
THIS new Emperor was descended from Tchin che, the famous General, who distinguish'd himself by his glorious Actions in War, under the fifth House of Han, he was a Lover of Learning, and fond of the Bonzes ; but Death in a little time deprived him of that Crown, which he had obtained by a double Murder, for he wore it no longer than three Years, dying in the fifty-ninth of his Age, and the sixth of the Cycle, Ven ti his Brother succeeding him.
VEN TI lived always privately, without concerning himself in Affairs nil the Moment he was made Emperor ; but it was soon perceiv'd he had die proper Qualities of a great Prince, by the Affection he bore to his Subjects, and the Trouble he took in determining their Lawsuits himself, and bringing them to a speedy Issue: He ordered a Drum to beat within the Palace to distinguish each Hour of the Night, which Custom is observed to this Day, The small Merit he discerned in his Son made him resolve to choose the King of Ngan tching, his Brother, for his Successor in the Empire , but the Prime Minister and Grandees making strong Representations to him against it, he alter'd his Intention.
The Emperor of that Part of the North called Tcheou, revived at this time an ancient Custom, Which was to maintain at the publick Charge those Persons advanced in Years, who had done important Service to the State.
Ven ti was forty-five Years old when he died, and his Son Ling hai vang succeeded him.
THIS Prince, after a short Reign, was deposed by his Uncle the King of Ngan tching ; he died soon after at nineteen Years of Age, and Suen ti, Nephew to the Founder of the Dynasty, made his way by force to the Throne;
Suen ti, the Fourth Emperor, reigned fourteen Years,
THIS Prince was of a sweet and agreeable Temper, and his chief Delight was Musick, to which he dedicated a considerable Part of his Time : The Sages, or Philosophers, had always easy Access to him, and he loved and protected them; one Day out of an interested View, they sent one of their Vassal with Presents of great Value to him, but he, to check their Ambition, order'd them to be burnt in his Presence. The Emperor of the North having promoted Yang Kien to the Dignity of Prime Minister, given his Daughter to that minister's Son to Marriage, not long after made him Sovereign of the Principality of Souy: which Honours and Preferment render him so powerful, that in a few Yeas he was in a Capacity to conquer all China.
Suen ti died in the thirty-ninth Year of the Cycle, and the forty-second year of his Age, his Son Tchang tching kong, succeeding him.
THIS Prince was no sooner invested with Sovereign Power, but he plunged himself into the most criminal excesses : Yang Kien, who had rendered himself very powerful in the North, being informed of his luxurious and effeminate way of Living, took upon him the title of Emperor, and advancing towards the South with a numerous Army, crossed the River Yang tse kiang without the least Opposition, and entered the Imperial City of Nan king in Triumph, Tchang tching, kong, judging it worse than Death to fall into his Enemy's Hands, threw himself into a Well from whence he was taken out alive ; but was drove from the Throne which he had disgrac'd, and reduced to a private Condition the remaining Part of his Life, which was four and twenty Years, being fifty-two Years old when he died.
Yang kien took the Name of Kao tsou ven ti , and became of the Founder of a new Dynasty.