MM The Sixth Dynasty, called Heou han, that is, the latter Family Han, which had two Emperors in the Space of forty four Years.
TCHAO LIE VANG was call'd before Lieaupi , and was descended from King ti, the fourth Emperor of the preceding Dynasty. This Prince was very tall, and had a majestic Air of great Courage, spoke but little, and in all Events, whether good or bad, was always of an even Temper.
When he drew near his End, he spoke to those that were about him in the following manner; “ When once we have attained to the Age of fifty Years, we have no reason to complain of the Shortness of our Lives ; why should I then complain, who am above sixty Years of Age?”
Afterwards he spoke to his first Minister, called Co Leang, in the Presence of his own Son, whom he had appointed his Successor, “ If,” said he, “my Son should refuse to pay to your wise Counsel the due Regard which he ought, take the Crown away from him, and reign in his Stead. ” Then turning to his Son, he said, “ How light soever a Fault may seem to you, beware of committing it; and how small soever a virtuous Action may appear, do not forbear to do it. Virtue alone deserves our Attention and pursuit ; I have had too little to serve you for an Example ; be tractable to the Counsels of Co leang, and you will find in him a second Father."
This Prince died in the sixty-third Year of his Age, and the fortieth Year of the Cycle, after he had named his Son Heou ti for his Successor*
WHILST the Prime Minister lived Heou ti follow'd the Steps of his Father : He kept his Court at Tching tou, the Metropolis of the Province of Se tchuen ; there were then in the Northern Provinces three Sovereigns of the Family of Gueij and in the Southern Provinces the Family of Hou kept their Court at Nan king.
The Family of Guei, which was the most powerful of the three, lasted but forty-six Years : It was destroy'd by a General of his Army, whose Son became the Founder of the following Dynasty. The Family of Ou had four Kings in the Space of four Years.
These different Principalities occasioned many Wars ; in one of which the Emperor lost two great Generals, called Tchangfi, and Quang yu : This latter is numbered among their Idols, and honoured as the Mars of China.
The famous Co leang had diverse Encounters with the King of Guei, but was frequently overcome. The King of Guei , being now grown formidable, revolved to conquer the Kings of Han and Ou, who were leagued together : In order to put his Design in Execution he put himself at the Head of a large Army, and march'd to the side of the great River Yang tse kiang, which he intended to have cross'd, out seeing the Waves very rough and boisterous, “Doubtless, ” said he, “these are the Bounds which Heaven hath put to the Ambition of Mortals,” and immediately turned back. Cycle 44. A. D. 244. Song tchao, who was General to the King of Guei, being puft up with Success, and abusing the, Credit which he had obtained in the Army, rebell'd against his Master, whom he overcame, and thereupon revolved to make his way to the Throne : The Son of Heou ti, seeing how ill Affairs went, advis'd his Father to go and encounter the Enemy, telling him that he must either conquer or die, there being no other Medium left, which Advice the Emperor refus'd to comply with. The young Prince, being griev'd at his Father's Cowardice, retired into a Hall of his Ancestors, and slew his Wife and himself afterwards.
In the fortieth Year of the Cycle, the Imperial Army was cut in Pieces, and the Palace plunder'd . The cowardly Emperor went and deliver'd himself up into the Hands of the Conqueror, who gave him a small Principality, where he lived seven Years, and died in the sixty-fifth Year of his Age.