Yueh1 hsi3 nu4
Speak joy anger
We speak of joy, of anger,
Yueh see line 57.
Hsi is composed of 口 k'ou mouth as radical and an obsolete word associated with joy. It appears in the Shuo Wen as a radical.
Nu is composed of 心 hsin heart as radical and 奴 nu slave as phonetic.
Yueh1 ai 1 chu 4
Speak pity fear
we speak of pity, of fear,
Yueh see line 57.
Ai is composed of 衣 i clothes with 口 k'ou mouth inserted in the middle as radical. This is a common arrangement (lines 38, 161). Eitel wrongly renders by "grief."
Chu is composed of 心 hsin heart as radical, with a phonetic made up of two 目 mu eyes over 隹 chui a short- tailed bird. The phonetic originally meant the glance of a kite, which would excite fear; hence it came to mean timid, and was probably used in early times without its present radical. One old form was two 目 mu eyes over 心 hsin heart. Some cheap editions erroneously read 樂 lo; hence Eitel's rendering "pleasure."
Ai4 wu4 yu4
Love hate desire
of love, of hate, and of desire.
Ai was originally composed of 夊 sui to walk slowly as radical, with a phonetic made up of 旡 above 心 , which phonetic was an independent and still earlier word meaning to love. It is now classed under radical 心 hsin heart, and answers to the French aimer, being used either in the sense of to love or to like.
Wu was originally written 亞 (now ya ugly, etc.), which is said to be a picture of two men bending their backs in disgust. It has several other readings, the most important being o4 wicked, loathsome.
Yu is composed of 谷 ku a valley as phonetic, and 欠 ch'ien to yawn, deficient, to owe.
Ch'i 1 ch'ing2 chu 4
Seven feelings all
These are the seven passions.
Ch'i is composed of — i one and 中 chung middle (corrupted), q.d. a slight trace of the Female Principle coming up in the middle and vitiating the Male Principle, seven being the numeral at which the male numbers (see title) reach perfection (line 75). It is now classed under radical — i one.
Ch'ing is composed of 心 hsin heart and an important phonetic 青 ch'ing, which means the colour of nature in all its varying hues (line 180). One of its common significations is circumstances or facts of a case.
Chu is composed of 貝 pei the pearl-oyster in a contracted form, and an obsolete word meaning the hands folded. It has two important senses, viz. to prepare, and all, every. For the latter, 俱 is now substituted (line 16).
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