Fu4 tzu3 en1
Father child affection
Affection between father and child,
Pu see line 18.
Tzti see line 11.
En is composed of 心 hsin heart as radical and 因 yin cause as phonetic. It here covers the kindness of the father and the dutifulness of the child. Eitel renders it by "kindliness," which leaves out the obligation of the child.
Fu1 fu4 ts'ung2
Man wife harmony
harmony between husband and wife,
Fu see line 56.
Fu see line 56.
Ts'ung was originally 从 two men side by side. It meant to listen to; hence its modern significations to follow, to agree with. [Eitel again makes the blunder of applying the word ts l ung only to the wife's conduct, — "the relationship of husband and wife demanding of the latter obedience"— leaving all obligation of the husband out of the question. See line 56.]
Hsiung1 tse2 yu3
Elder-brother rule friend
friendliness on the part of elder brothers,
Hsiong is composed of 口 k'ou mouth over 人 jen man, and originally meant to grow.
Tse is composed of 貝 pei the pearl-oyster and 刀 tao knife (刂in combination). It originally meant to classify, a sense said to be derived from the shells which were used as money in early days. Thence came the meaning of rule, method, to which must be added the conjunctional senses of then, in that case, etc.
Yu see line 31.
Ti4 tse2 kung1
Younger-brother rule respect
respectfulness on the part of younger brothers,
Ti has been regarded as an altered form of 第 ti order, series, from which the sense of younger brother has been developed. It is also said to be the picture of a thong encircling a faggot. In colloquial, 兄弟 hsiung ti means younger brother, and 弟兄 ti hsiung means brothers. Read t'i4 , see line 39.
Kung is composed of 共 kung all, collectively, as phonetic, with 心 hsin heart as radical.
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