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S119: The works of Mencius

119. 孟子者 

Meng tzu3 che3  

Meng philosopher one 

The works of Mencius 

Meng see line 9. 

Tzu see line 11. 

Che see line 49. 

120. 七篇止 

Ch'i1 p'ien1 chih3 

Seven slip stop 

are comprised in seven sections. 

Ch'i see line 84. 

P'ien see line 116. 

Chih originally meant a base or foundation, and later the foot. It is now commonly used in the sense of only, derived from to stop. [It is absurd to say, as Eitel does, that the works of Mencius "consist of seven sections only," the comparison being with the Lun Yu in twenty sections, since the former work is nearly twice the length of the latter. Another view is that Mencius' works end with the 7th section, as if more had been intended; but it is really quite unnecessary to press chih for any special value except that of jingle. Pere Zottoli's command of Latin here stands him in good stead:— Mentsii liber septem capitibus absolvitur.] 

121. 講道德

Chiang3 tao4 te2 

Explain way exemplification 

These explain the WAY and the exemplification thereof, 

Chiang see line 108. 

Tao see line 7. The WAY here is of course that of Confucius. 

Te is composed of the double-man radical (Hue 67), with a phonetic. It seems to have originally meant a dry measure holding about a pint. It was used for 得 te to get, to attain; and it is just possible that from the sense of attainment, achievement, it came to mean the exemplification of virtue in good works. [Its phonetic is a corruption of 直 chih upright and j(£ hsin heart, and is explained by "the external is obtained from others, the internal from oneself."] 

122. 說仁義

Shuo1 jen2 i4

Expound charity duty

and expound charity and duty towards one's neighbour. 

Shuo is composed of 言 yen words as radical, and 兌 tui which originally meant to speak, and now means to weigh, as phonetic. Its earliest meaning was to expound; now it is the common colloquial word for speak. Also read shui4 and yueh; see line 206. 

Jen see line 69. 

I see line 14.