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S219: Then Kuang Wu arose

219 光武興
 
Kuang1 wu3 hsing1

Kuang wu rise

Then Kuang Wu arose, 

Kuang see line 51. 

Wu see line 189. 

Hsing see line 215. [Kuang Wu is the dynastic title of a descendant of Kao Tsu (line 215) in the ninth degree, who destroyed Wang Mang the Usurper and placed himself upon the throne in A.D. 25. Here again Eitel wrongly renders hsing by victorious.] 

220. 為東漢

Wei2 twung1 han4

Make east han

and founded the Eastern Han dynasty. 

Wei see line 24. 

Tung see line 62. 

Han see line 214. [Under the former dynasty, now known as 西漢 hsi han the Western Han or as the 前漢 ch'ien han Earlier Han, the capital was at 長安 Ch'ang-an in Shensi. It was moved eastward to 洛陽 Lo-yang in Honan by Kuang Wu; hence the term Eastern. This dynasty is also known as 後漢 hou han the Later Han, a name subsequently bestowed upon one of the Five Dynasties mentioned in lines 247 — 250.] 

221. 四百年

Ssu4 pai3 nien2 

Four hundred year 

lasted four hundred years, 

Ssu see title. 

Pai see line 46. 

Nien was originally written with 禾 ho grain as radical above 

千 ch'ien a thousand as phonetic, and meant ripe grain, from which it is not a very far cry to year. It is now classed under radical 干 (line 205). 

222. 終於獻

Chung1 yu2 hsien4 

End with hsien 

and ended with the Emperor Hsien. 

Chung see line 113. 

Yü see line 35. 

Hsien is composed of 犬 ch'üan dog as radical, with an obsolete word meaning tripod as phonetic. It was originally a term applied to fat dogs offered in sacrifice at the ancestral temple. It means to present to a superior, but is here the dynastic title of the last Emperor of the Eastern Han dynasty, whose reign ended A.D. 221. 
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