San Tzu Ching‎ > ‎

S323:Liu Yen of the T'ang dynasty

323. 唐劉宴

T'ang2 liu2 yen4 

T'ang liu yen 

Liu Yen of the T'ang dynasty, 

T'ang see line 183. 

Liu means to slay, but is here a surname. It does not occur in the Shuo Wen, though another form of it has been suspected under radical 金 chin metal. It is now classed under radical 刀 tao knife. 

Yen is composed of 日 jih sun as raidical and 安 an peace as phonetic. It means a bright sky, late, but is here the personal name of a famous statesman. [Eitel wrongly reads it "Ngan."]

324. 方七歲

Fang1 ch'i1 sui4 

Just seven year 

when only seven years of age, 

Fang see line 14. 

Ch'i see line 84. 

Sui see line 37. [Liu Yen was a famous scholar and statesman who died A.D. 780. He attracted the notice of the Emperor Ming Huang of the T'ang dynasty, and is said to have been actually advanced as below.] 

325. 舉神童

Chu3 shen2 t'ung2," 

Raise spiritual boy 

was ranked as an "inspired child"

Chü is composed of 與 yü (line 87) and 丰 feng elegant. It is now usually written as above, and is classed under radical 臼 chiu a mortar. 

Shen is composed of 示 shih divine manifestation as radical, with 申 shen to extend, to state, as phonetic. It has been adopted by certain denominations of Protestant missionaries in China an equivalent for "God," in opposition to the term 上帝 Shang Ti (line 180) of other Protestants, and to 天主 Tien Chu Heaven's Ruler (line 152) of the Roman Catholics. 

T'ung is composed of what is apparently 立 li to stand as radical, but is really a corruption of an obsolete word meaning guill with a corruption of 重 chung heavy (not 里 li a village) phonetic. It originally meant a male slave. 

326. 作正字 

Tso4 chêng4 tzu4

Do correct word

and was appointed a Corrector of Texts

Tso see line 123. It here means to do the duties of, to act as. 

Cheng is composed of 止 chih to stop as radical, and —  i one. It is explained as stopping at the boundary; hence right, proper, not awry, etc. 

Tzu see title. [Corrector of Texts was an office in the Han-lin College or National Academy of leading scholars.] 

327. 彼雖幼

Pi3 sui2 yu4

He although yougn

He, although a child 

Pi see line 273. 

Sui see line 285. Also read sui1 

Yu see line 23. 

328. 身已仕

Shen i2 shih4

Body already official 

was already in an official post. 

Shen see line 90. 

I is classed under radical 己 chi self, from which it differs almost imperceptibly, and means to cease, done, finished, very, excessively, etc. The Shuo Wen has no record of its development. 

Shih see line 273. 

329. 爾幼學

Erh2 yu4 hsueh2 

You young learn 

You young learners 

Erh see line 297. 

Yu see line 23. 

Hsueh see line 11. 

330. 勉而致

Mien3 erh2 chih4

Effort and cause

strive to bring about a like result. 

Mien see line 278. 

Erh see line 45. 

Chih is composed of 至 chih (line 94) as radical and phonetic, and 攴 p'u to tap (obsolete). It means to cause to go to, to send, etc. 

331. 有為者

Yu2 wei2 che3

Have do one

Those who work 

Yu see line 14. 

Wei see line 24. 

Che see line 49. 

332. 亦若是

I4 jo4 shih 4 

Also like this 

will also succeed as he did. 

I is supposed to have been a picture of a man's arms and armpits and meant to gather up as though putting under the arms. It thus came to mean also, even, however, then, etc. 

Jo see line 262. 

Shih is composed of 日 jih the sun as radical and phonetic, and a corruption of 正 chêng (line 326). It denotes formal existence, subjective, positive, absolute, that which is right, etc. [Eitel renders these lines "For being possessed of activity, or rather that which constitutes it, Is also sure to produce results like these."]