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[The following 24 lines form the continuation sanctioned, and possibly written, by 賀興思 Ho Hsing-ssu.]

254a 遼與金

Liao1 yu3 chin1 

Liao with Chin

The Liao Tartars and the Chin Tartars

Liao see line 254a. 

Yu see line 87. 

Chin see line 66. 

254b 皆稱帝

Chieh1 ch'eng1 ti4 

All style ruler

all took the Imperial title.

Chieh see line 250. 

Ch'eng see line 186. 

Ti see line 180. 

254c 元滅金

Yuan2 mieh4 chin1

Yuan extinguish chin

The Yuan (Mongols) destroyed the Chin Tartars,

Yuan see lines 94, 254e. 

Mien see line 245. 

Chin see line 66. 

254d 絕宋世

Chueh2 sung4 shih4

End sung generations

and put an end to the House of Sung.

Chüeh is composed of 糸 ssu silk as radical, with 刀 tao knife over an obsolete word for half a tally. Its original meaning was to cut silk in two. [The radical 色 se colour is a corruption of 人 jen man over the half tally.] 

Sung see line 227. 

Shih see line 177. 

254e 蒞中國

Li4 chung1 kuo2

Govern middle State

They governed the Middle Kingdom, 

Li is composed of 水 shui water as radical and 位 wei a seat, an official post. It is often written 莅 . 

Chung see line 64. 

Kuo see line 155. 

254f 兼戎翟

Chien1 jung2 ti2 

Together jung ti

and also the wild tribes of the north and west; 

Chien see line 212. 

Jung see line 254j. 

Ti is here used for 狄 ti, which is composed of 犬 ch'uan dog as radical, with an abbreviation of 亦 i also as phonetic. The barbarians in question were thought to have descended from dogs. See 254J. 

254g 九十年

Chiu3 shih2 nien2

Nine ten years

after ninety years 

Chiu see line 33. 

Shih see line 45. 

Nien see line 221. [A round number; see 254g.] 

254h 國祚廢

Kuo 2 tsu4 fei4 
State prosperity fail

their mandate was exhausted. 

Kuo see line 155. 

Tsu is composed of 示 shih divine manifestation as radical, with 乍(line 123) as phonetic. 

Fei is composed of the obsolete radical 广 yen a shelter, with 發 (line 293) as phonetic. It originally meant a falling house. 

254i 太祖興

T'ai4 tsu3 hsing1

Extreme ancestor arise 

Then T'ai Tsu arose,

T'ai see line 254k. 

Tsu see line 89. 

Hsing see line 215. 

254j 国大明 

Kuo2 ta4 ming2

State great bright 

his dynasty being known as Ta Ming. 

Kuo see line 155. 

Ta see line 127. 

Ming see line 110. [The famous founder of the Ming dynasty raised himself to the throne from the obscure position of a tender of cattle; hence he is sometimes spoken of as the Beggar King, and also as the Golden Youth. He was for a time a novice in a Buddhist temple, and altogether led a very chequered life.] 

254k 號洪武

Hao4 hung2 wu3 

Style vast military 

He took as his year- title Hung Wu, 

Hao see line 137. 

Hung is composed of 水 shui water as radical, with 共 kung (line 100) as phonetic. It originally meant an inundation (line 187). 

Wu see line 189. 


Tu1 chin1 ling2 

Capital gold tombs 

Tu see line 230. 

and fixed his capital at Chin-ling (Nanking). 

Chin see line 66. 

Ling see line 230. 

254m 逮成祖

Tai4 chi'eng2 tsu3 

Reach complete ancestor 

At length, under the Emperor Ch'eng Tsu, 

Tai see line 235.
Ch'eng see line 26. 

Tsu see line 89. [Reigned A.D. 1399—1424, and better known by his year-title 永樂 Yung Lo.] 

254n 遷燕京

Ch'ien1 yen1 ching1

Move swallow capital 

a move was made to the Swallow City (Peking). 

Ch'ien see line 6. 

Yen see line 13. 

Ching see line 2540. [The capital was transferred from Nanking to Peking in 1421.] 

254o 十七世

Shih1 ch'i1 shih4 

Ten seven generation

There were seventeen reigns in all, 

Shih see line 45. 

Ch'i see line 84. 

Shih see line 177. 

254p 至崇禎

Chih4 ch'ung2 cheng1

Reach eminent auspicious

down to and including Ch'ung Cheng. 

Chih see line 94. 

Ch'ung see line 254q. 

Cheng see line 254q. 

254q 權奄肆

Ch'uan2 yen1 ssu4

Power extend loose 

The hold on the people was relaxed, 

Ch'uan is composed of 木 mu tree or wood as radical, with an obsolete word meaning small goblet and pronounced kuan as phonetic. 

Yen is composed of 大 ta great as radical, with 申 shen to extend 
as phonetic. One of its original meanings was to open out. 

Ssu is composed of 長 ch'ang long as radical, with 隶 tai (line 235), here read shih, as phonetic. [The Rev. J. Doolittle gave the following translation of this line: — "The crafty eunuchs caused a revolt." But 奄 and 閹 do not appear to have been used interchangeably, each having a separate entry in the Shuo Wen.] 

254r 寇如林

K'ou4ju2 lin2 

Rebels like forests 

and rebels sprang up thick as forests. 

K'ou is composed of 攴 p'u to tap as radical, and 完 wan to finish. It originally meant violent, and has been explained as referring to the completion of a gang or force previous to issuing forth. It is now classed under radical 宀 mien shelter, roof. 

Ju see line 133. 

Lin is composed of two 木 mu trees, and is an obvious ideogram. 

254s 至李闖

Chih4 li2 chu'uang3

Reach li ch'uang 

Then came Li Ch'uang, 

Chih see line 94. 

Li is composed of 木 mu tree as radical over 子 tzu child as phonetic. It means plum, but is here a surname. 

Ch'uang is composed of 門 men a, door as radical, and 馬 ma a horse, q.d. a horse rushing out, bursting forth, etc., but is here a name taken by the rebel 李自成 Li Tzu-ch'eng, to whose sedition the fall of the Ming dynasty was mostly due. 

254t 神器焚

Shen2 chi'i4 fen2

Divine utensil burn 

and the Imperial regalia were destroyed. 

Shen see line 325. 

Ch'i see line 26. 

Fen is composed of 火 huo fire as radical below 林 lin a forest (see 254r) as phonetic. [This line refers to the looting of the palace when Li Ch'uang captured and temporarily held Peking.] 

254u 清太祖

Ch'ing1 t'ai4 tsu3

Pure extreme ancestor

The founder of the Ch'ing or Pure dynasty 

Ch'ing is composed of 水 shui water as radical, with 青 ch'ing the colour of nature as phonetic. See line 84. 

T'ai see line 254k. 

Tsu see line 89. [The T'ai Tsu in this line is the Manchu chieftain Nurhachu, A.D. 1559—1626, who was the real founder of the present dynasty, though he never mounted the throne.] 

254r 應景命

Ying4 ching3 ming4 

Respond glorious order 

responded to the glorious summons ; 

Ying see line 64. 

Ching is composed of 日 jih sun as radical, with 京 ching city as phonetic; q.d. the sun shining on a city. 

Ming is composed of 口 kou mouth, its old radical, with 令 ling a command (see 271) as phonetic. It is also commonly used in the sense of destiny, as being the command or will of God. 

254w 靖四方 

Ching4  ssu4 fang1 

Quiet four square 

he tranquillised the four corners (N.S.E. and W.), 

Ching is composed of 立 li to establish as radical, with 青 ch'ing the colour of nature as phonetic. See lines 84, 254u. 

Ssu see line 37. 

Fang see line 14. 

254x 克大定

K'o4 ta4 ting4

Achieve great settle 

and achieved the final settlement of the empire. 

K'o is regarded as a picture of a man carving wood in a house, and originally meant to bear on the shoulders. It is now classed under radical 儿, No. 10. 

Ta see line 127. 

Ting is composed of 宀 mien roof or shelter as radical, with 正 cheng (line 326) as phonetic. [Mr. Doolittle translated this line "so that prosperity prevailed," which seems to be somewhat off the line of thought.]