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[Another version of the interpolated lines. Author unknown.] 

254a 遼金元

Liao2 chin1 yuan2 

Liao chin yuan 

Liao see line 254a. 

Chin see line 66. 

Yüan see lines 94, 

254b 爭宋鼎 

Cheng1 sung1 ting3 

Contend sung tripod 

The Liao, Chin, and Yuan dynasties 

fought for the empire of the Sungs; 

Cheng see line 214. 

Sung see line 227. 

Ting is a picture of a two-handled tripod, the first specimen of which was cast in gold by the Great Yu (line 187) and was used by him to keep off hobgoblins during his engineering labours in the wilds. The word came to be used as a symbol of Imperial power. 

254c 天運環

Tien1 yün4 huan2 

Heaven revolve ring
and so time went on 

T'ien see line 50. 

Yün see line 60. 

Huan is composed of 玉 yu jde as radical with a common phonetic. It means a bracelet or any kind of ring; hence it comes to be used as a verb. 

254d 至帝昺

Chih4 ti4 ping3 

Reach ruler ping 

until the reign of the Emperor Ping. 

Chin see line 94. 

Ti see line 180. 

Ping is composed of 日 jih sun as radical, with 丙 ping a cyclical character as phonetic. It means glorious, but is here the personal name of the child Emperor, the last of the Sungs, who was drowned, together with his faithful Minister 陸秀夫 Lu Hsiu-fu, in A.D. 1279, in order to escape falling into the hands of the conquering Mongols. 

254e 元世祖

Yuan1 shih4 tsu3 

Yuan generation ancestor 

Shih Tsu of the Yuan dynasty 

Yuan see lines 94, 254e. 

Shih see line 177. 

Tsu see line 89. [Shih Tsu is the temple name of Kublai Khan, who  reigned over China A.D. 1260-1294.] 

254f 始正位

Shih3 cheng4 wei4
Begin proper seat 

was the first to actually occupy the throne; 

Shih see line 134. 

Cheng see line 326. 

Wei is composed of 人 jen man as radical, with 立 li (line 306) as phonetic. See 254e. 

254g 八十八

Pa1 shih2 pa1

Eight ten eight

the dynasty lasting eighty-eight years, 

Pa see line 88. 

Shih see line 45. 

Pa see line 88. See line 254g 

254h 共九帝

Kung3 chiu3  ti4

Together nine rulers

with nine Emperors in all. 

Kung is composed of 廿 ju or nien two tens joined together, with 廾 kung3 the hands folded in salutation. It was a radical in the Shuo Wen, but is now classed under radical 八 pa eight. 

Chiu see line 33. 

Ti see line 180. 

254i 群雄起

Ch'un hsiung2 ch'i3
Flock martial rise 

A crowd of combatants arose, 

Ch'un see line 117. 

Hsiung see line 210. 

Ch'i see line 240. 

254j 太祖征

Tai4 tsu3 cheng1 
Extreme ancestor vanquish

of whom T'ai Tsu remained the conqueror. 

T'ai see line 254k. 

Tsu see line 89. See 254j. 

Cheng is composed of radical 彳 ch'ih to step with the left foot, with 正 cheng (line 326) as phonetic. 

254k 國號明

Kuo1 hao4 ming2 

State style ming 

The dynasty was called the Ming, 

Kuo see line 155. 

Hao see line 137. 

Ming see line 110. See 254j. 

254l 元順奔

Yuan2 shun4 pen1 

Yüan shun fled 

and the Mongol Emperor Shun fled. 

Yuan see lines 94, 254e. 

Shun is composed of 頁 yeh head as radical, with 川 ch'uan streams as phonetic. It originally meant eternal principles, right, and has now come to signify flowing with, in accordance with, obedient to, etc., but is here the name given by the conquering Mings to Tohan Timur, the last Emperor of the Yuan or Mongol dynasty. 

Pen was originally composed of 夭 yao calamity as radical, with 贲 pen or fen as phonetic. It is now classed under radical 十 shih ten. 

254m 成祖繼

Ch'eng2 tsu3 chi4

Complete ancestor connect 

When Ch'eng Tsu succeeded, 

Ch'eng see line 26. 

Tsu see line 89. See 254m. 

Chi see line 227. 

254n 立兩京

Li4 liang3 ching1

Establish two city 

he made two capitals.

Li see line 306. 

Liang see line 226. 

Ching see line 2540. See line 254n. 

254o 十七主

Shih2 ch'i1 chu3

Ten seven lord 

There were seventeen Emperors, 

Shih see line 45. 

Ch'i see line 84, 

Chu was originally the picture of an oil lamp or candlestick, with  chu a flame, radical and phonetic, appearing above. It then came to signify lord, master, etc. 

254p 止崇禎

Chih2 ch'ung2 cheng1

Stop ch'ung cheng

the line ending with Ch'ung Cheng. 

Chih see line 120. 

Ch'ung see line 254q. 

Cheng see line 254q. 

Ch'uang 3 tsei 2 

254q 闖贼亂

Ch'uang3 tsei2 luan4

Ch'uang rebel confusion 

The rebel Ch'uang threw everything into confusion, confusion, 

Ch'uang see line 254s. 

Tsei is composed of 戈 ho spear, its old radical, with 則 tse (line 99) as phonetic. It means rebel, bandit, robber, and is now classed under radical 貝 pei valuables (line 161). 

Luan see line 257. 

254r 明運竭

Ming2 yun4 chieh2
Ming fortune exhaust

and the prosperity of the Mings was exhausted. 

Ming see line 110. 

Yün see line 60. 

Chieh is composed of 立 li to establish as radical with how? what? etc. as phonetic. 

254s 大兵至

Ta4 ping1 chih4 

Great soldier arrive 

Then valiant soldiers came on the scene, 

Ta see line 127. 

Ping is composed of 斤 chin an axe grasped by 廾 kung folded hands. It originally meant a weapon, and is now classed under radical 八 a eight. 

Chih see line 94. 

254t 賊隨滅

Tsei2 sui2 mieh4
Rebels follow extinguish 

and the rebels were forthwith extinguished. 

Tsei see line 254q. 

Sui is said to be the original form of 隋 sui (see 235).

Mieh see line 245. 

254u 順治立

Shun4 chih4 li4

Shun chih establish 

Shun Chih mounted the throne, 

Shun see line 254l. 

Chih see line 257. [Shun Chih was the year-title of the first Manchu- Tartar who actually reigned over China, A.D. 1644 — 1661.] 

Li see line 306. 

254v 號大清

Hao4 ta4 ch'ing1 

Style great pure

and his dynasty was called the Ta Ch'ing. 

Hao see line 137. 

Ta see line 127. 

Ch'ing see line 254u. 

254w 臣民服

Ch'en min2 fu2

Minister people submit 

Officials and people acknowledged his sway, 

Ch'en see line 54. 

Min see line 344. 

Fu was originally composed of 舟 chou boat as radical, with an obsolete word pronounced fu, and meaning to govern, as phonetic. It then meant to use, and is now classed under radical 月 yueh moon. 

254x 天下平

Tien1 hsia4 p'ing2

Heaven below level 

and the empire was at peace. 

T'ien see line 50. 

Hsia see line 192. 

P'ing see line 130.