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09: September

Sept. 1st. -- Mao Yung-hsi reports himself at Court on his return from the Western Tombs. Yin Chao-yung takes his farewell audience before going to inspect the Eastern Tombs. 

Various Edicts appoint officers in connection with the approaching examinations at Peking. 

Memorial (1). From Li Tsung-hsi Viceroy at Nanking. Reports temporary arrangements consequent on the death of Salt Commissioner Yüan Pao-ch'ing.  -- Rescript: Noted. 

(2) From the same. -- Announces that the extra military competition, granted to commemorate the thirtieth birthday of the late Emperor, but postponed on, account of the campaigns, will be held in the tenth moon this year concurrently with the regular competition, as the Board of War desires. -- Rescript : Let the Board take note. 

(3) From the same. -- Proposes posthumous honours for the late Salt Commissioner Yüen Pao-ch'ing, viz : -- asubsidiary shrine in the shrine already granted to his nephew, Yün Chia-san. -- Rescript : Under consideration. 

(4) Li Ho-uien, Viceroy of Fuhkien and Chekiang, reports having handed over the seals of Manchu Commander-in-chief and Superintendent of Customs to their proper holder, Wên-yü, who has just returned from a leave of absence extending over eight months. 

Sept. 3rd. -- Edict (1) Li Ho-nien, Viceroy of Fuhkien and Chekiang, having reported Chiang Ch'ang-kuei, present Chinese Commander-in-chief of the Land Forces in Fuhkien, as incapacitated by age and of but ordinary ability, that officer is hereby placed on the retired list. The Brigadier at Fuhning, Lo Ta-ch'un, will take his place, and Sung Kwei-fang will take Lo's. 

(2) & (3) Kuang-show being absent on service, Na-jên will perform his duties as a Secretary of the Board of Punishment, and T'*ai-hêng-a as a Manchu Sub-Brigadier. 

(4) Memorial from the Censorate, Ma Chêng-lung, of Kuei-hua in the part of Shansi beyond the Great Wall, has again come before the Censorate. Last year he moved the Board to call on the Governor of the Province to hear and determine his plaint, but to no good purpose, for the official sent by the Governor to represent him was bought over by the opposite side, and has tortured appellant's friends so severely that two of them have committed suicide. Ma believes that it was the intention to drive all on his side to the same end. The original accusation was against Wang Yen-chêng noted for "rigging the markets," and some Yamên subordinates, for having obtained from him on pretence of corvées, Tls. 2,100, and robbed him of 575 camels. The appellant describes the official demands throughout Shansi for draught power as enormous, and giving rise to great abuses. Many magistracies both South and North levy a toll on passing carts and horses, and seize on camels for official needs. At Ling-shih in mid-Shansi a man has set up a camel post-house, from which he undertakes to supply officials with necessary animals, and in order to enable him to bear the expense [for the official tariff is fixed too low] he collects from four villages the yearly sum of 14,000 cash. At Sin-fen and Hsiao-i eight cash is demanded as toll from each camel, which does not release them from the liability to serve the corvée, and yet they are detained if it is unpaid. At Kwangwu in the Tai-chow district, the official has set up a barrier at which he exacts 100 cash for each horse, and has thus extorted 44,000 cash from the appellant.  The Likin Barrier at Hsia-chow is gradually raising its charges, and has set up a private Court of justice of its own, which has made the place a terror to merchants.  The messenger by whose hand the appeal was sent by Ma and reached the Board, is unable to say in which Court the case was first heard. -- Rescript. Recorded. 

(2) Ch'iao Sung-nien, Yellow River Superintendent, details the state of the River and its tributary the Hsin, between the 15th and 29th July. They had reached the depth of 25 feet at the latter date, from ten feet and six feet respectively at the former. He enters into minute particulars of the works on the banks, which are divided into numbered sections for facility of reference. -- Rescript. Noted. 

Sept. 3rd.-- Edict. The Kirin Government reports that last month an incendiary fire took place at Ngêmuhêsolo, destroying the garrison quarters, the posting house and other govt, buildings and some war material. It was caused by a few dozen robbers who were pillaging some shops and set fire to them. The fellows got off under cover of night H. I. M. expresses his extreme detestation of Chung-shou, the officer in charge, for not having taken the slightest precaution, nor set out in chase of the culprits, thus allowing their traces to grow cold. He, and other officers, are deprived of rank, but ordered to remain at their posts and to catch the thieves within the usual period, under pain of severe punishment. They are ordered also to reinstate the government buildings and make good the loss of war material. The Government of Kirin must see to it that not a single robber escapes with life. Let the Board take note. 

(2) Memorial from the Censorate. In 1862 at Mu-yang in the north of Kiang-su, a man named Pao Ta-an led a band of mounted robbers against the appellant Wang's hamlet, killing five relatives. Taan though clearly indicated as the chief culprit by many witnesses, has managed to evade justice by bribing the magistrate and all his subordinates. He has thus succeeded in shifting the accusation of being the principal, upon three men who are his slaves 家奴. Appeals to the Governor and Viceroy have simply met with a reference back to the local authorities. The Censorate draws particular notice to the fact that this case was three tirues entered in the District Court, and also once each in the Governor's and Viceroy's Yamens, without obtaining personal attention. -- Rescript: Recorded. 

(3) From Shao Heng-yti, Governor of Sliensi. This has already appeared in tlie Edict which ordered General Lin Ming-tsao to continue his duties in spite of the news having readied him of his parent's death. 

(4) From the same. In obedience to the Edict of the 12th July the Judge Ying-kuei is ordered to return to Peking. His successor cannot arrive from Fuchow for 9 or 10 months, and in the meanwhile Shao will attend to the judicial work himself. -- Rescript : Noted. 

September 4th. -- Edict. (1) Li Shên is appointed Brigadier at Sui-ming and Tsing- chow in the S. W. of Hunan. 

(2) Chêng-lin is appointed acting Brigardier in the West portion of the Capital. 

(3) Memorial from Ying Han, Governor of Anhuei. He requests a memorial tablet in honour of Miss Chao, whose betrothed died just before the day of marriage.  She at once entered the house of her betrothed's mother and accepted the duties of a daughter towards her, and she has since for five years kept thus in all diligence and purity, though only twenty-seven years old now. -- Rescript : Granted. 

(4) From the same, Reporting on an officer after the year's probation. It is not a year since that regulation was promulgated, but the officer has been under notice during a whole year and very favourably. -- Rescript: Let the Board of Civil Office take note. 

(5) From Wu T'ang, Viceroy of Szechuen.  He recommends two widows for commemoration, both of whom came under his observation while Taotai at Hsüchow.  Both lost their husbands in battle when twenty or twenty-one years old. One committed suicide on the spot, the other lived a decorous life for sixteen years, till her death. Rescript: Granted. 

(6) From the same. Recording movements among the lower officials. -- Rescript: Noted. 

Sept. 5th. -- All the three memorials are on the repairs to Imperial Tombs. 

Sept. 6th. --Edict. Tso Tsung-tang, Viceroy of Kansu and Shensi has presented a memorial reporting the capture of rebel leaders, and requesting honours for the dead and living who helped to this result.  General Chang Chung-ch'un has brilliantly effected the capture of the banditti who last year managed to break through the cordon formed round them near Ho-chow.  The Board is directed to take note of this and report on suitable reward. A Lieutenant who died in battle is also recommended to the Board's notice. 

(2) Memorial from Hsia T'ung-shan 夏同善, a Vice-President of the Board of War, and Literary Examiner in the Peking district. He states that now it is fully time to revise the statutory punishments in a milder sense, for robbery, murder, and wounding. The Board of Punishments some years ago recommended delay before this step was taken, but now H. I.  M. has himself taken the reins of Government and given so many proofs of mildness and benevolence that the subject may be broached again. 

(Fluctuations in the severity of the penalties during the last 200 years are recounted', dictated apparently by the state of feeling at Court as it swayed between easy confidence and cowardly terror].  Rescript : Recorded. 

(3) An enclosure from Viceroy of Kwang- tung. Ting Jih-chang 丁日昌 who has been in retirement at his native place near Swatow, on account of his mother's death, now announces that the period which the law fixes for performance of obsequies has expired, but that he is too unwell at present to hasten to Court and place his head in the dirt while praying for further employment. He will take the earliest moment of convalescence to report himself for duty. Rescript : Noted. 

(4) From the same. -- An enclosure. Reporting the surrender of office by Ch'ung-li 崇禮, who has been Hoppo of Canton for the last four years. He has accounted for every cent which the Treasury demands from that office. The revenue from the Maritime Customs increased under his hands by several lakhs, which have all been placed to account. He has rendered valuable assistance in the discussion of questions of Foreign policy. He is recommended to the notice of the Throne accordingly. -- Rescript : Let him await employment in the Nui-woo Fu. 

Sept. 7 th. -- Edict. -- A disturbance (with stabbing) took place on the 4th inst. by Lien-hsi, a Mongol of the Bordered-white Banner, in revenge for his brother's death.  That brother had been driven to suicide by the insulting reproaches of a creditor.  Instead of taking the case before the proper courts, Lien-hsi brought a rabble into the Forbidden City. He is handed to the Board of Punishments, and his following must be arrested and brought up for examination, The officers on duty as guard at the gates during the time, and all others who might have prevented the unseemliness, are to be punished. 

(2) Memorial from the Governor of Shan- si. This was quoted lately in an Edict allowing a feast in honour of the sixtieth anniversary of an old gentleman's M.A.  degree. It recounts Hsü Chi-yü's services. 

(3) An enclosure from Tso Tsung-t'ang, Viceroy of Shensi and Kansu. He announces an appointment he has made to Tank'or, a sub-prefecture in Si-ning district. Rescript : Noted. 

(4) An enclosure from the same. Requests the dismissal from the service of a Tsung-ping. This officer reported that his father had come to the station-quarters, and asked leave to accompany him on his return to the Provincial Capital; this being granted, the officer took the opportunity of going all the way to his native place with his parent, -- leaving his command at a critical moment. -- Rescript: Let him be cashiered at once. Let the Board take note. 

(5) An enclosure from the Governor of Shansi. The Treasurer Li Ch'ing-ao 李慶翱 announces that he delivered up the seals of office on the 14th July, and on the 4th August left for his native place, Li-ch'eng Hsien 歷城 in Shantung, there to perform funeral rites.-- Rescript : Noted.  September 8th.-- Edict. (1) A military appointment. (2) A present of foreign rifles has been made to the Ordnance Department by Taot'ai Ch'ên-Ch'in 陳欽 of the Tientsin Maritime Customs. The Board will make record of this instance of public spirit, and honour it highly. 

(3) Those in charge of the repairs to the Imperial Tombs beg that an auspicious day be named for setting up again in their places the tablets supposed to represent the spirits of the departed. The Astronomical Board is directed to choose a day in the next month. 

(4) Your slave Ch'ung-shih 崇實 kneeling presents a memorial, and looking up prays for the sacred glance thereon.  Your slave has often repeated his orders to the Prefect of Jehol and his subordinates, to be diligent in arresting and punishing evil men in the district, which from its large extent is peculiarly open for outside ruffians to come in and perform their villainies. Kuei-chao, Acting Prefect of Jehol, has now reported as follows : -- Some of his runners were patrolling the streets, and got as far as the Blue Banner Court when they saw Ch'ang-hsi, a Bannerman, holding another man and shouting that his son had been decoyed away and wounded by him. The fellow gave a cut at Ch'anghsi and ran off, but chase was given and he was caught and a sickle found on his person. He gave his name as Chang Shou-ts'ai and was taken to the Prefect's Yamên. The child was examined and found to have three cuts from a sharp instrument -- cuts which did not bleed. Ch'ang-hsi also was wounded on his right hand. On the same day was arrested oh Red-Bridge Street, a man of suspicious appearance who gave his name as Wang Tien-ch'ên, and on him was found a sickle and a child's hat. -- Your slave then ordered the Examiner Deputy to use the severest tortures on the men ; they were to be examined separately and repeatedly. Their depositions are now before me. Chang Shou-t'sai states ; --- I have hitherto been a boat-tracker on the Grand Canal. A man named Liu, whom I know well by sight, but whose native place I don't know, came to me in Oct.  1871, and told me to get him some hearts and eyes, at fifty taels a set. He provided me with a small packet of powdered drugs, a small bottle of drug in solution, a sickle boiled in drug, a small bamboo tube, and a writing pencil tube. He told me to put the powder into the pencil tube and blowit in the face of any small child. It would then follow me in a trance to a solitary place.  I was then to cut into the region of the heart with the sickle and hook the heart out ; also to hold the eyelids open with one hand, and gouge out the eyeballs with the bamboo tube. The child would not bleed nor cry. The eyes and heart were to be rubbed with the solution, and would then keep free from smell and decay in the hottest weather. He gave me five thousand cash for expenses. I used these means near Ts'ao-chow, in Shantung, and took the child's eyes and heart to Liu, for which he paid me fifty Taels. This year again I proposed to myself to commence operations. At Niu-lan-shan I met with Wan Tien-chên, and after mutual confidences we agreed to work in concert outside the Great Wall. In course of time we came to Jehol, and near the marketgardens decoyed a little child away after my prescription. I told Wang to keep watch. Just as I had got the lad down on the ground, he saw a man running towards us. I got nervous and the lad made a movement so that I cut him on the left shoulder and elsewhere. The newcomer caught hold of me, and I struck at him with the sickle and cut his finger, and then ran off throwing away the powder &c. Wang also made off but was caught by the officials. 

Wang's statement runs thus : --- In Nov.  last year I met a man outside the West gate of Tientsin who said his name was Liu Feng-yuan. One day after we got acquainted, he told me to get him sets of eyes and hearts, for which he would pay handsomely. He provided a powder, lotion, sickle, and bamboo tube. The powder was to be put into red-dates and given to small children to eat. They would then fall into a trance and follow me. I was to take them to a solitary place, scoop out the heart and eyes by means of the sickle and bamboo, and rub them with the lotion, which would prevent smell or decay. He gave me five thousand cash (Peking cash) and we went our ways. I bought a few red dates and commenced business at someplace to the South of Tientsin, and again at Nin- t'ou-chuang. For these two sets Liu gave me Tls. 100 or so. 

This tallied with Chang's tale, but I gave orders to go over the whole ground again with them both. Their confessions do not vary ; so that the unvarnished truth is now before us. The three cases in which the culprits confess to having used their nefarious art, occurred in other Provinces indeed, and we cannot investigate them without some delay, but at any rate here we have solid proof in the decoying away of Ch'anghsi's son. 

The law treats maiming a living person in the same way whether the result following be death or merely wounding. Here we have without doubt a case provided against by the very terms of the law, --- "cutting of a portion from a living body." Chang and Wang, extraordinary ruffians though they are, would yet not have engaged in this murderous crime had no one given them the powder and taught them the use of it, and if they had not had the hope of great gain held out to them they would not have taken a pleasure in it. Their guilt admits of being distinguished from that of principal in '' cutting from a living body." That they did yield to persuasion and used drugs to decoy and slay, ranks them as " accomplices of special prominence," 从加功者 and as such renders them liable to beheading. 

The mere relation of this crime must make the hair stand on end, much more will the heart be pained at actual eyewitness of it. The people of Jehol are fearfully agitated, and the law must therefore take its course swiftly. Were we to wait till Liu was caught and the whole case presented in its entirety, before execution, the law might be cheated of its victims, and the signal example and comfort to men's minds be lost, during the necessary delays. 

Jehol has never yet witnessed an execution. * But as this case is worse than any robbery, a new procedure must be followed. The Taotai and other officers of Jehol have therefore been instructed to make a final examination of Chang and Wang, and thereupon bind them and lead them straight to a public place, there to be executed. Thus men's minds will be fortified and their indignation find due vent. A secret and confidential despatch has been sent to the Viceroy of Chihli, asking him to take measures for the arrest of Liu Fêng-yuan, --- and a report, with the evidence, also made to the Board of Punishment. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Punishment take note. 

Sept. 9th.--- Edict. (1) On the report of the Governor of Honan, various officers are degraded from Magistracies &c. 

(2) Ch'un-hsiu 春岫 is appointed Governor of the Sha-hu Gate in the Great Wall.  (3), (4) and (5), appoint High Commissions for appeal cases. 

* Its inhabitants are mostly of Imperial Blood, and are not subject to capital punishment. 

(6) An appeal case from the Censorate.  P'an Wên-ts'ai, from Lu shih Hsien in Honan, states that his maternal brother was inveigled by some men of a guild to a gambling bout, where he lost four hundred strings of cash. The gamblers seized on his land and sold away his wife. He laid a plaint before the Magistrate, but the official he deputed was bought over and the gambling was reported as not proven. The brother continued to push his case, and when the ruffians heard of it they sent some who contrived to get him into one of their houses, and there they pounded him with stones, breaking his two thighs.  They then brought him to the Magistrate's Yamên, where they concocted a tale and bribed the underlings so that the only punishment was that they were condemned to pay medical expenses. 'Death however soon followed. The appellant was absent ail this time, and on his return he was honoured with their little attentions. He appealed to the Governor and Judge, but feeling impatient, came to Peking. --- Rescript : Recorded. 

(7) Prince Kung and his colleagues of the Great Council report a routine arrangement, on the retirement of one under them into mourning.--- Rescript : Noted. 

(8) Ting-an, Manchu General in Honan, recommends an officer for good service. --- Rescript : Approved. Let the Board take note. 

(9) From the Censorate. An appeal case. Han Wên-ping states that a brother of his was a petty official in the countryneighbourhood of T'ang-yin Hsien in the North of Honan. This brother exerted himself effectually in putting down a combination of some neighbours in committing depredations, and afterwards incurred the enmity of some who were implicated in that, by pressing for land tax. They got him to one of their houses and made him drunk, and while taking him home in that state stabbed him fatally in the breast.  The chief assassin has kept at large by persistent bribery. No redress has followed application to the High Provincial Authorities. --- Rescript : Recorded. 

Sept. 10th.--- Edict. (I) A distribution of 800 piculs of rice is ordered for the inhabitants of Shun-i, and other magistracies in the Peking District where the floods prevail. 

(2), (3) and (4) Appoint High Commissions for appeal cases. A memorial containing the result of the inquiry into the conduct of Wu T'ang, Viceroy of Sze- chuen, fills up the Gazettes for the 10th and 11th and 12th September; It has been carefully condensed in the Edict lately issued on the subject. 

Sept. 11th--- Edict (1) The Viceroy of Nanking reports the decease of a sometime Vice-President of the Board of Punishments, Wu Fing-tung, who resided latterly at Nanking. H. I. M. is deeply affected, orders all record of offences entered against his name to be erased ; and the Board will bestow the posthumous honours due to his rank. 

(2) & (3) Appointments in connection with Peking examinations fur purchased degree. 

Sept. 12th--- Edict (1) With reference to the floods of the Yung-ting, as to which 800 piculs were lately ordered for distribution, Li Hung-chang is hereby directed to apportion among the revenues of the more fortunate provinces south and east, a charge of three or four hundred thousand Taels, which sum is to go towards alleviating the distress now suffered. He has authority to divert to this purpose all monies arriving at Tientsin from whatever source, and he will, with the Mayor of Peking, take measures for their proper distribution among the deserving. Let the Board take note. Respect this. 

(2) An audience is granted to those of a certain grade (lang-chung) in the Board of Punishments who are of 65 years of age and upwards, according to an old usage. 

(3) A long list of service movements. 

Sept. 13th.--- Edict. (1) Those officers of the Board of Punishment who had audience this day as being sixty-five years old and upwards, are disposed of variously, --- transferred to other less onerous posts or sent home to their native place. 

(2) Memorial from Wang Wên-shao 王文韶 Governor of Hunan. This recommends to the Throne for a commemorative tablet, the heroically chaste conduct of the widow of Wu. Lin, a son of the Treasurer of Hunan. She was only 27. She took her husband's death so much to heart that at first she tried to starve herself to death. She was dissuaded from this, but remained rigid and sleepless day and night nevertheless. When the coffin was to be taken to the native place, she asked to accompany it, and on its arrival there took an oath that she would follow her husband in death, praying her friends not to withstand her. She died in eleven days by starving herself, --- five months from her widowhood. --- Rescript : Accorded. Let the Board of Civil Office take note. 

(3) Chang-shun hands in a list of letter-cases, memorial-wrappers, and present-boxes for use at Imperial Audiences, which he has taken delivery of and reverently placed in safe and secret custody, in obedience to H. I. M.'s wishes, signified through the Grand Council. --- Rescript: Noted. 

(4) Wang Wên-shao reports for degradation or dismissal sundry officers of the Camp at Ning-hsiang Hsien (30 or 40 miles south of the Tung- ting Lake) for siding with the soldiers in an emeute for back pay, or for not suppressing the riot. Last year the military chest was about a million of Taels in arrear for the whole Province, and promissory notes were given to this amount, payable in instalments at the monthly paydays this year. Governor Wang was at the time travelling at the other end of the Province, at Yuen-chow [else he would be degraded for tliis.] He states that circumstances still require camps to be kept up in this Province, --- military discipline must therefore be sternly administered. The soldiers in this instance were disbanded and dispersed without further accident. --- Rescript: Arrangements approved. Let the Board take note. 

(5) From the same (enclosure). Reporting that the Admiral of the Yang-taze, Li Chang-mow, has on certain days in the 4th and 5th moons inspected stations on the Tungting Lake, and afterwards held a consultation with the writer at Changsha, the Provincial Capital. The Admiral is bound to distribute his time equally between the Upper and Lower Yang-tsze, and to report himself to the Provincial Governors. --- Rescript: Noted. 

Sept. 14th. --- Edict. (1) A temporary appointment. (2) The Board of Rites begs that a day be named for the change from Summer to Winter caps. The 16th October is hereby fixed for that change. 

(3) Memorial. Yang C'hang-hsün, Governor of Chekiang, prays that grain tribute upon thirty-seven odd mow may be remitted. This is the space covered by the site of the great temple for containing shrines and commemorative tablets for those who distinguished themselves during the disturbed times of the T'ae- pings. The ground cost 12,000 strings of cash, the buildings were begun in 1871 , and finished in fifteen months, costing with the utensils about $24,000. These expenses were met from the general fund subscribed in the Province for the restoration of public buildings. --- Rescript : Let theBoards concerned report on this. 

(4) From the same. Reports for promotions and honourable mention several officers who succeeded in catching some thirty robbers of a band that had been infesting the districts between Hoochow and Kia-shing. --- Rescript : Granted as prayed.  Let the Board take note. 

(5) From the same. Reporting a change in the holder of a magistracy. 

Sept. 15th.--- Edict. (1) A long list of officials whose degradation or dismissal is called for by the Viceroy and Governor of Fuhkien. Some are ordered to seek employment in other Provinces. The offences mentioned are incapacity, being generally disliked, delay of justice, levying an illegal fine, failure to catch culprits, and failure to keep their own relatives in order. 

(2) Appointing a High Commission for an appeal case. 

(3) Memorial from the Government of Kirin reporting the tire at Alchuku.  [Quoted in a recent Edict. Such another disaster, but not including government buildings, occurred in 18n6.] 

Sept. 16th.--- (1) A Gazette of minor changes. (2) Ying-yuan (Head of the Censorate, and General of the Nine Gates) is appointed superintendent of the Tsung- wên-mên, --- Ngên-chêng to be his secondin-command. 

(3) Memorial from Yang Ch'ang-hsün, Governor of Chekiang. He has already in the 5th moon reported the drought that has prevailed ; --- the 6th moon also continued rainless for the most part. He then prayed for rain, and it did come on the 29th and 30th July and again on the 3rd and 5th August, but not sufficiently to do much good, for it was absorbed immediately by the thirsty ground. Wenchow is the only district that has not suffered.  Hangchow, Kia-hing, Hoochow, Ningpo, Shaohing, Taichow, Kin-hua, Ken-chow, Yen-chow and Ch'u-chow have all suffered in their several degrees. Ningpo and Shaohing may save their crops by a late rain. In Kin-hua and the three following places, miscellaneous crops had to be sown instead of rice. Kiahing,. Hangchow and Hoochow, although made as it were, expressly to grow rice, cannot bear that crop from the long drought. The Summer rains were very few, water in the rivers is too low, and it is impossible to keep the fields moist by the pumps. The unbanked canals and small streamlets are all dried up. Autumnal rains may avert calamity from us. The people are quiet at present. The Governor will again pray for rain. He will also urge the farmers to make greater use of their water-wheels &c. In the Autumn he will send officers to report on the state of the country.--- Rescript : Noted. 

(4) The Governor of Jehol reports the arrest of four out of a band of eight highway robbers, their confessions, and their sentence to execution. The imperial sanction is required before the latter can take place. - Rescript : Let the Board of Punishment report quickly on this. 

Sept. 17th.--- (1) Edict. On repairs to the Tombs. (2) Gazette of Literary Instructors. 

(3) Memorial by the Government at Kirin reporting the fire at Ngêmuhôsolo.  [Already quoted in an Edict in which H.I.  M. recorded his extreme detestation of the officer in charge.] 

(4) The Viceroy at Fuhchow reports on the present value of the official services of Chiang Ch'ang-kuei, General of the Land Forces (Chinese Division) in that Province.  Chiang is too old to compass his duties now. His abilities were never very brilliant, and they are so impaired by age that he cannot inspire respect. He cannot conduct a review with proper discipline, so that his subordinates are getting very loose." --- Rescript : Under consideration.  {The Edict superseding Chiang has already appeared, on the 3rd Sept.] 

(5) The Brigadier (Manchu) of Kiukiang reports his arrival at his post, and tenders humble thanks for his appointment. --- Rescript : Noted. 

Sept. 18th.--- Edict (1). Pao-hsün, a Vice President of the Board of War, lately appointed Chief Minister at Lhassa, reports his continued sickness, and requests permission to vacate his appointments and return home to his Banner. This is now granted. Ngên-lin, at present in charge there, is advanced to the rank of Fu Tu- t'ung. When the Minister who is finally to take the post arrives, Ngên-lin will escort Hupilohan of Chêputsuntanpa to Urga and thence return to Peking. [Pao- hsün, in a memorial in 26th August Gazette, reported his stay in Shensi on account of illness. The journey to Thibet was probably too much for him, even in prospect.] 

(2) Memorial from Tu-hsing-a and Yi- ch'ing, requesting that a lucky day be chosen for restoring Ancestral tablets to their places --- [Edict in Sept. 8th.] 

(3) (4) and (6) Li Han-chang, Viceroy of Hukuang, reports deaths and changes in his military. 

(4) The Viceroy, Li Tsung-hsi, and Governor of Kiangsu, Chang Shu-sheng, join in praying that a military officer (button of the 3rd grade) in the latter's command, may he deprived of office for his better examination by torture. This officer engaged as a nurse to his children one of his soldiers wives, and then desired to take her as concubine. This pollutes the fountains of respect for the gradations of rank. --- Rescript: Let him be cashiered at once and examined according to law. Let the Board take note. 

Sept. J 9th. ---Edict (1). The Board of Rites has recommended that sacrifice be made in various places to commemorate the General Pardon [pronounced at the Emperor's ascending the throne, Feb.  26th.] We have this day caused a list of officers for this duty to be drawn out by Grand Council. We must ask how it comes that the Hoard of Rites is so very much after the time in making this recommendation, the General Pardon having taken place long ago. This is very dilatory, and we hereby administer rebuke to the High Officers of that Board. 

(2) The Vice-Presidentship of the Board of War [vacated by Pao-hsün is conferred on Ngên-ling (a principal Censor). 

(3) Yü-liang is appointed Fu Tut'ung of the Chinese Division of the White Banner, [Vice-Pao-hsün.] 

(4) The Censor Chang-yün, in a memorial, prays that thorough investigation be made into the cases of the recipients of the bounty lately granted for the relief of the sufferers by the floods in Chihli. We lately, at the prayer of the Mayor of Peking, directed 800 piculs of rice to beset apart for those sufferers. We also issued an edict directing that a sum of three or four thousand Taels be diverted from the Likin, Maritime Customs, and Salt Revenues of the Provinces to the East and South, instructing the Viceroy of Chihli to find funds in the meantime, our intention being to make our bounty substantial and thorough. The Censor points out that, without careful perasnal enquiry in the distribution, there is no means of guarding against pretence and fraud. We therefore direct the Viceroy of Chihli and the Mayor of Peking to send out orders to all the magistrates to pick out honorable, trustworthy persons from among the gentry, who shall make careful inquisition before granting the bounty, and that notice to tills effect be printed on a yellow broadsheet and sent everywhere. The magistrates and gentry will be severely punished if there is any fraud. 

(5) Shao Hêng-yü, Governor of Shensi, prays leave to detain further two officers who should present themselves for approval at Court, having filled their offices for the legal term. They are however so much needed where they are, on the borders of of Kansu, whence robber-bands are in the habit of making incursions, that it is prayed that they may continue in their posts. The slightest relaxation would be ruinous, and there is no one to supply their places, equally experienced. The same is asked for another officer who since 1862 has been sleeplessly vigilant at hunting up brigands.--- Rescript : Granted, Let the Board of Civil office take note. 

(6) From the same (Enclosure). The Magistrate of Ch'ou-chih Hsien has reported having captured Kuan-êrh, alias Kuan-yen 管彦, who founded a religion and invited followers, but who committed adultery with the betrothed of one Ch'ên Kuan-shêng, and conspired with her for the latter's death. The misguided people were surrounded by the soldiers and many were slain, the women-followers making away with themselves by poison. Their books, insignia, and objects of worship have been taken. There is a picture figuring Lü-tsu-tă-mo 吕祖达摩, who is a local object of worship, a proper spirit, but there is a Very miscellaneous assemblage besides. Their books all persuade towards doing good, towards praying against calamity and for benefits, in fact about the minor virtues, and without anything perverse, unlawful, lying, or cursing. 

It appears that Kuan-êrh, with four others, banded themselves together as brothers, and bought a house at An-chia-chai where they set up a scholar's hall, with the picture of Lü-tsu-tă-mo in it, and they printed some old Thibetan prayer-scrolls. They gave forth that by fasting, and reciting the prayers, calamity could certainly be averted, and happiness obtained such as makes it peaceful for them after death. 

About 31 (21 of whom are dead) joined the religion, making presents to the leader, of value from 500 to 2,000 cash each.  These assembled at the hall, lived on fasting diet, and reverenced the spirit. Kuan- êrh recited the prayer-scrolls, but the rest had not learned them sufficiently. The meeting then broke up. Then occurred the intrigue with Ch'ên's betrothed. The magistrate coming to hear of it sent to arrest Kuan-êrh, and he, fearing punishment, deluded his followers into a trip among the hills on the pretence of worshipping Buddha. A friend was at the same time sent to get the small pennons used in the neighbouring villages in their processions, while Kuan-êrh distributed bamboos, knives and spears among the party. The magistrate surrounded them with his soldiers. Kuan-êrh and others were killed. 

The memorialist then proceeds to apportion the legal guilt among the survivors, the punishment ranging from death to the cangue. He also strongly recommends the magistrate for his energy and success.  --- Rescript. Noted. 

Sept. 20th. --- Hing Lin, Kwangko and others (Tartars) lay certain facts before the Throne, praying for the Imperial will. 

A pensioned soldier, Lien-hsi, had stolen his way at break of day through the Ou Men --- Palace Gate --- and had attempted to commit suicide by cutting his throat at the side of the Hwei Bridge. The keeper of the keys reported the case, and it appears that the man had been instigated by revenge to commit the act. His younger brother Sung-an had been surety for a certain sum for which he became liable. The sureties pressed him so remorselessly for indenification that he strangled himself, and Lien-shi adopted the present expedient to make known his brother's injuries. Although Lien-shi was prompted by grievance to this act, he had, notwithstanding, legal means of redress at the proper Courts, and was guilty of great misdemeanour when entering the forbidden gates. Such practices must not be allowed to grow, and it appears right to beg for an Imperial order requiring the proper Board to examine rigidly into the case and adjudge accordingly. --- The Imperial will has already been notified. 

(2) Tso Tsung-tang gives further incidents from the late seat of war in Kansuh.  A certain mounted Rebel chief, who escaped last year from the meshes of the law, has since been leading his hardy followers --- about thirty horsemen in all --- availing of every opportunity to plunder and rob.  Their guerilla movements have been singularly difficult to track, and although watched and pursued day and night by combined forces, only a few of their number were for a long time captured and beheaded.  The leader still remained at large, a source of continued anxiety. On the night of the thirteenth of the sixth moon. General Chang Chung-chun, commanding the Tsung-chin Division, ascertained that the band had penetrated to Ta-tung village. Orders were immediately given to the several camps at Ning-ho and Tsi-chah to collect their forces and cut the Rebels off ; while the General himself led his cavalry towards their old quartering place Chaug-fun- chwang. From thence he followed them to Na-leh-chi, where at break of day the Rebel chief Yang-kiah-yin-shih, with several horsemen, was discerned in the distance making flying observations. Chang-chung- chun spurred his horse, and rushed forward in pursuit. The Rebels opened fire, and Captain Liu Hwan-chang succumbed to the attack, being hit by a bullet. Chang-chung- Chun's spirit was further roused, and urging on his steed he came in direct collision with Yang-kiah-yin-shih. The latter fell from his horse, Chang-chung- chun seized it, but the Rebel chief jumped on another steed and fled. Chang-chung- chun mounted the horse he had seized and hotly pursued his enemy. At some distance the Rebel with his followers were interrupted by a deep creek which their horses --- being untrained--- could not clear.  Fortunately, at this moment, a detachment of Imperial horse came up to the support and, attacking them with a tremendous onslaught from the side, they beheaded in the conflict several men and took prisoners Yang-kiah-yin-shih and two others. Chang- chung chun immediately sent one of them, Ma-chau-tsin, to the official Shuh-yuh at Chan-ho-chen, and brought the other two to Lan-chen. Your servant examined them, carried out the extreme sentence of law, and exposed their heads as a warning to the multitude. Soon after this, Shun- yuh captured more prisoners, on whom the penalty of the law was also carried out, causing joy and congratulation amongst the people below. Yang-kiah-yin-shih was a notorious Rebel of Ho-chen. Robbery and plunder have been his means of livelihood. In appearance he was not remarkable, but when mounted it was with him "a hundred shots and a hundred hits." His fame spread through Ho-chen, and to the present day the Mohamedans cannot bring forward his name without changing countenance. That General Chang-chung- chun, with his onwn hand, should have succeeded in capturing this chief in his lair, is sufficient to rejoice the heart ; and it behoves your servant to beg that the Board be ordered to deal with his deserts in a liberal and fitting way, that zeal for the public service be further stimulated.  As regards the Captain, Liu-Hwan-chang, who died for his country in battle, Imperial grace should also be requested on his behalf --- i.e., that according to the established rule, in the matter of Captains dying in the ranks, the Board be required to mark their sympathy, and soothe his loyal soul. --- A Rescript was received : " Our commands will be separately recorded.  Respect this." 

(3) A further memorial from the above sets forth. That it had been previously determined that Kansuh Province should be entitled to sixty graduateships at this year's triennial examination in Shan-si ; subsequently the unsettled condition of the borders rendering it difficult for the can didates to find their way to Shan-si, it was decided that Tsau-sheng-ming, Ain-si- cheu, Ghun-si-ting and Chen hwa-cheu, tour localities, should await the next examination, allowance being then made for their present loss. But this arrangement cannot come into full force, as several candidates from the towns in question have already passed certain points, and made their way to the Examination Hall.  It would not be Expedient to preclude those from the examination, and it will also be proper to except them from the law. requiring a certain number of candidates from a certain Province, before literary degrees are opened to compilation. The fostering regard of the Government for border scholars will thereby be manifested.  Orders have been issued accordingly. 

21st Sept.--- Edict. The Board of War represents that military officers should be removed from their native places in pursuance to old regulations, and prays that instructions may be allowed to be issued for changes in accordance. Military officers are invested with territorial power, and among the appointments recently made there are many officers who should be removed in order that the established rule be carried out and the growth of malpractices be stopped. In the ninth year of Our reign, second moon, the Board of War represented that in all Provinces that had become tranquilised orders had been issued to the various Governors to make the necessary changes. At present military measures in Shensi, Yunnan and Kweichow having been brought to a close, it also becomes necessary to enforce the law in those Provinces. The respective Governors- General are therefore hereby ordered to change the General and Brigadier-General in the two Provinces under their rule from one to the other. Majors my remain within 500 li from their native town, and captains can retain command in their own districts. In regard to the other changes suggested as necessary to carry out established regulations within each Province, let these be followed with respect to the higher officers, having full appointments, and who have not yet been admitted to an audience. Let a memorial be made begging that, and setting forth how they may be admitted at the capital in rotation. Respect this. 

(2) A memorial from the Viceroy of the Two Kwangs deals with movements and promotions of certain officials. 

(3) General Chan-shun reports. The Taotai of Tientsin had represented that the country to the north-west of China was unsettled, and that first-class rifles were urgently required to assist in the work of quelling and keeping order. One hundred and twenty double-barrel guns had accordingly been obtained by contribution, with ten thousand caps, and the same handed over to a Wei-yuen to be sent on to Ou-li- ya-sou-tai. The Imperial sanction is requested to reward the said Taotai. The will of the Throne is separately recorded. 

22nd Sept. --- An Imperial Edict makes certain changes in the appointment of Literary examiners. 

(2) The Footai of Kwangsi reports to the throne. The practice of illicit coinage has been for some time rife on the borders of Kwangsi and Kwangtung, and the Footai, in view of the inconvenience thereby arising to the people, had taken rigorous measures to atop the practice ; to which end he had instructed the various officials to prohibit the mixing of small coin with Government cask. On the seventh day of the fourth moon, a countryman entered the Provincial town of Kweilin 桂林 to dispose of his Rice. Having sold his produce, he was obstinately firm in his determination not to receive spurious cash.  A street row ensued, and the case was brought before the Che-foo. While examination was going on, a set of rascals, five in number, who harboured hatred for the free use made by the magistrate of the bamboo on previous occasions, with certain prisoners, rushed into the public court and created a disturbance. The popular feeling was thereby excited, and the proceedings of the court abruptly closed. Soldiery were at once ordered to the scene, and the Footai, being informed of the uproar, also repaired thither with assistance ; in the meantime, the Yamun drum had been smashed in, the railings broken down, and, when the Magistrate shouted to the delinquents, ordering them to desist, they went so far as to throw stones at him ; being screened by the Yamen runners he fortunately escaped, but the latter were all more or less wounded.  Six of the disturbers were at once seized, but beyond this further seizures were impracticable, for the spectators had all more or less joined in the discord, and no actual proof of individual guilt could be produced. A trial of the prisoners was made, and by order from Prince Kung the six men suffered the penalty of their crime on the execution ground. A notice was further posted about the town setting forth the enormity of their guilt, with its penalty, as a warning to refractory people.  The report closes with remarks on the unruly conduct of the people, which is imputed to the memory of acts during the late rebellion, and energetic measures are advocated to curb their still latent disregard for rule and order. 

23rd Sept. --- A memorial by the Viceroy of the Two Kiang sets forth the services of a late Secretary of one of the Boards who died in retirement, and prays that his loyalty to the throne be suitably commemorated. 

(2) Wan-ting-li and Peng-tsu-hien report on the condition of Shun-tien foo (greater part of Chihli). They beg that early measures be taken to relieve sufferers by the recent floods, and that a portion of the tribute grain be detained and appropriated to the purpose. The districts in the South, East and West of Shun-tien have for successive years suffered from inundation, and Imperial bounty has repeatedly been displayed, enabling the people by the assistance of rice and money to tide over their distress. In the early part of the spring, rain and sunshine alternated seasonably.  High lands had all yielded a plentiful crop of wheat, and planting and sewing had gone on favorably in the field generally.  In the middle decade of the sixth moon, a penetrating rain fell ; but from this time dark clouds hovered low, and for days and nights consecutively the rains fell without ceasing. The mountain waters poured down ; the river and streams rose, and their surcharged waters overflowed the plains and covered the postal roads, in so much that other routes had to be chosen fo convey the more important despatches.  Many houses were besides washed away, and considerable loss of life ensued. The Memorialists at once issued orders to the respective officials of the different districts, to report accurately on the extent of the disasters. From their accounts it appears that Wan-an is totally submerged, and that in the other districts the damage varies in its extent, from one hundred to several tens of villages. But communication being intercepted, the various Tipaos are behind time in their reports, and the officials are unable to make a true examination. Instructions have been issued to take energetic action in draining off the accumulated waters, and to investigate and report on the exact amount of damage and short gatherings of harvests. 

The Imperial will as to relieving distress, has been elsewhere notified. 

24th Sept. ---An Imperial edict replies to a memorial reporting the flooding of Yong- shun Foo in Hunan. The rush of water made a gap of several changs in width in the wall. The city was flooded, and the Yamuns, Granaries, Prisons, and habitations generally, all more or less washed to the ground. In the surrounding country, also, much life and property were lost.  The request as to affording relief is acceded to. 

(2) An accusation is made against the magistrate of An-yih, in Shansi, of appropriating public funds, deducting money from salaries and raising taxes on carts, the list finishing with imprisonment to death of two men. The Imperial will has been recorded. 

(2) A Censor Tsung-shi reports a clerk for arrogating to himself power and for illegally increasing the taxes. A licenciate of Yang-kau Hien in Shansi, aged 62, repaired to the Censorate with the following statement. Last year at the spring collection of Taxes, the Hien issued a notice that for every Tael of Silver according to Tariff, two maco and one half more would have to be paid (for local expenses). The people were willing to obey, but the Clerks deluded their superior and extorted from the people an addition of 3 mace two cand; moreover, in calculating cash to the tael they did not adhere to the market price. The informant remonstrated and at the instigation of the extortioners, a warrant for his apprehension was issued and he was nearly beaten to death while in custody. Some of the taxpayers were further compelled by torture to bear false witness against the informant, who was finally forced to give bond for payment of the tax as first demanded.  The literati appealed to the Che-foo, who met their appeal by an order that the 3 mace 2 cand. extra should be collected, requesting at the same time from his superior that, permission be granted for depriving the informant of his literary diploma. The informant, with others of the literati, referred the case to the Foo-tai, who ordered the Che-foo of Ta-tung to look into the matter. A decision was given that silver has a fixed value, while cash changes.  According to law an excess in silver is allowed of one mace 8 cand.(?) The Clerks however were not governed by this decision ; and continued, as by secret permission, their former oppressions. The Censor concludes his petition by stating that the informant had stated under oath that he had lodged four complaints with his own Ohefoo, one with the Taotai, and at the Examiners' and Futai's Yamuns he had respectively laid his plaint twice at each and they had neither of them had the accused brought before them for trial. --- The Imperial will has been notified. 

25th Sept.--- (I) An Imperial Edict degrading and dismissing various officials. 

(2 And 3) Memorials, one concerning a murder in Szechuen, and the other relating to litigation relative to the repairing of certain River Banks in Hu-peh. 

26th Sept. --- An Imperial Edict appoints various, Examiners to their posts. 

(2) Another Edict states. The Minister Wang Yuh-chieh petitions, praying that future judgment on Robbers be made according to the original law. The Ministers of the Inner Council are hereby instructed to confer with the Board of Punishment, and with the assistance of a code previously laid before the Throne by that Board, to draw out a fresh code and submit it in due course. --- Respect this. 

(3) Tso Tsung-tang petitions, recommending that a new "Hsien" be established in the western part of Kan-suh. The difficulties arising from the seats of Government being too distant are set forth ; and in a Province where the Mohamedan and Chinese elements clash, the desirability of maintaining a strong hold over the people is increased. Muhamedan Priests are represented to make the pretext of preaching a means to engross power amongst the people ; and unless changes are made, Mandarins will become a nonentity. --- The Board is ordered to consult and report. 

Sept. 27th. --- The Sacrificial Board petitions that the Prince Foo may be deputed to offer the usual sacrifices at the Fung- Tëen-teen Ancestral Temple, on the 9th of the month. (30th Sept.) 

(2) Hoo Kea-yuh (胡家玉) President of the Board of Censors presents a petition containing minute information respecting exorbitant and unlawful taxation imposed by the officials in the province of Keang-se, and praying His Majesty to issue orders to the Board of Revenue to investigate the matter, in order that the laws may be upheld, and liberality extended to the people. The law of this province is that one additional mace be paid in with every ounce of silver, in order to make up the deficiency in weight, whereas the aforesaid officials now demand four mace additional, which proceeding is contrary to established law, and inflicts indescribable injury upon the people. --- His Majesty replies that the petition is recorded. 

28th --- Duke Heun having performed the usual sacrifices at the White Dragon Pool, has returned to Peking and greeted His Majesty. 

(2) An Edict has been issued to the following effect. ShenMow-kheen (單懋謙) memorializes that his leave of absence has expired, but his health is not yet restored; and he prays that We may permit him to retire from office. We grant the petitioner a further furlough of two months, during which period he may attend to his health without anxiety. There is no necessity that he should resign his appointment altogether. Respect this. 

(3) Ma Chung, General of Division, is permitted to retire from the service in consequence of ill-health. 

29th.--- The following Edict has been issued. Tsin Tuh-ying (岑毓英) has petitioned for leave to erect a temple in honour of a former Viceroy of Yun-nan and Kwei-chow, named Laou Tsung-kwang, who gained signal victories over the Rebels, and was much beloved by the people. We grant the petition, and appoint that the deceased officer be sacrificed to in Spring and Autumn, in order to make known his fidelity. Respect this. 

30th. --- To-morrow the Emperor will pass through the King-yun-mun gate to the Fung-seen-tëen Temple to worship. His Majesty will then proceed to the Show- hwang-tëen Temple for the same purpose, and will afterwards return to the Palace.  Let all preparations be completed at 6 o'clock a.m. 

(2) Edict. On a former occasion Too- hing-ah and others petitioned that the temple at the Yung-ling Mausolea might be repaired, and prayed Us to select an auspicious day for the removal of the divine tablets. We therefore issued orders to the Astronomical Board, to choose a propitious day in the 7th month for the purpose mentioned. According to the memorial of Too-hing-ah just received, the Astronomical Board selected the 28th day of the 7th month (Sept. 19th), but that day being now past, the petitioner prays that another day may be selected. We again order the Astronomical Board to select a propitious day in the 9th month (Oct. to Nov.) and to inform Toohing-ah which day they have appointed, in order that he may remove the tablets. The notification of the first day chosen by the Astronomical Board was dispatched on the 20th of the 7th month, and the distance which the messenger had to travel is only 400 le ; why then was it not delivered to us until the 28th of that month ? Where could the messenger have loitered? We command Too-hing-ah to examine into this matter, and to report, in order that the delinquent may be punished. 


(3) Ying Yuen (英元) and others memorialize the Emperor. Wang Tih-sin, an inhabitant of the District of Kwei, in the Department of Tung-chang and Province of Shan-tung, has given information to the following effect. The plaintiff's father has been killed by a man named Chow-tseih and his associates. These latter stole some grain which the deceased had stored up, and the latter demanding it back, they set upon him and murdered him. The plaintiff being unable to get any redress from the local authorities has appealed to Peking, and prays the Emperor graciously to issue orders that the case be properly investigated. 

(4) The same official presents a memorial to the following effect. The uncle of Sun Tong-hwuy, of the District of Seun in the province of Bonan, has been murdered by a person named Leang-koo. The deceased was a cloth merchant, and was constantly from home. His wife took advantage of his absence to lead an irregular life, and this coming to the ears of her husband, she ran away from him, and begged her brother Leang-koo to bring about a reconciliation. The brother, in consequence, enticed the deceased to his house, where the whole family attacked and murdered him. The plaintiff appeals to the Emperor, as he cannot get redress from the local officials. 
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