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11: November

November 1st.--- (1) Edict. Li Han- ch'ang, Viceroy of Hu-Kuang, and the Governor of Hu-nan, report the surpression of a Guild-rising, and the arrest, examination and punishment of the leaders and conspicuous rebels. The rising took place in the Lin Hsiang Hsien district, in August of the present year, and resulted in brigandage. The brigands had the courage to resist the troops sent against them, but to no purpose, for their leaders and many others were taken, and the rest dispersed.  The province is quiet at present, but as Hu-nan has so often suffered from these disturbances, we hereby direct Li and his colleagues to order their subordinates, military and civil, to make the most careful search after the remaining men implicated. The recommendations made for recognition of the energy put forth by certain officers, are referred to the Boards.  Other recommendations are invited, but care must be taken that they are proper ones. 

(2) Memorial. Chin Yü-ying, Governor of Yunnan, makes a long series of proposals for the re-arrangement of the Forces which are to keep the Province quiet. He reminds the /Throne that, heretofore, after every occasion that called for the enlistment of Extra Banner Forces had passed over, the forces so formed were often made into a Naval Division, or stationed in a localised permanent camp, or else used as a moveable force for a district. He considers that fixed camps are necessary in Yunnan. --- Rescript "Referred to the Board of War." 

Nov. 2nd. --- Edicts making appointments in Peking. Memorial from Yang Ch'ang- hsti, Governor of Chekiang, reporting on an officer after the year's probation. 

(2) From the same (an enclosure). Reporting the appointment of an officer to perform the duties of Prefect of Kinhua-foo during the interim between the departure of the outgoing officer and the arrival of the new man from Peking. 

(3) From Ting Pao-chêng, Governor of Shantung. Recommending that the magistrate of Tê-p'ing Hsien be appointed to T'êng Hsien, in the room of an officer recalled by the Governor for want of capacity.  The Board of Civil Office would not confirm this change, --- wished for explanations.  These are now given. In the meantime T'êng Hsien has been long without a Magistrate. The Rescript refers the subject again to the Board of Civil Office. 

Nov. 3rd. --- Edict. On the report of Liu Chang-yu, Governor of Kuangsi, Chao Yüan-yin, Magistrate of Se.ŭ-ên Hsien, is deprived of official rank for grossly unjust judgments pronounced by him, which have thrown the neighbourhood into confusion. 

(2) Memorial from Wan-Ch'ing-li, and Pêng Tsu-hsien. They remind the Throne that it has been usual to open a rice-kitchen for the poor at the P'u-ch'i-tang at the Kuang-an Gate, the term running from the 15th of the 10th moon till spring. At first the amount issued from the Imperial granary was 300 piculs of small rice, this was increased seven years ago to 500 piculs, and the kitchen was opened a month ear-, lier and shut a month later. They suggest that more will be wanted this year, on account of the distress from the inundations. --- The Rescript has already appeared. 

(3) From the Prefect of Shun-Tien-foo (Peking). He reports that he is about to be absent for a few days on a visit of inspection to the Grand Canal near T'ung- chow. Other officials will accompany him, and a full discussion will precede the recommendations they will make. This is occasioned by damages caused by the flooding of the rivers which feed the canal there.  --- Rescript has already appeared. 

(4) From Wu-wei-shou, recently made commandant at Ning-hsia-chên in Kan-suh.  He thanks the Throne for the appointment, and recounts his unmerited advancements up to this time. --- Rescript: "Let him come to audience." 

4th Nov. (1) Edict. The Censors of examinations, Fu-k'uan and Yü Po-ch'uan have reported irregularities in the late examinations, in 1st 2nd and 3rd districts of Peking. As many as 31 papers have had numbers affixed to them which do not tally with the numbers which the Register of candidates shows should have been affixed. Also some papers of candidates whose papers as a whole had been rejected by the first readers, were found inserted among sets which had been approved for submission to the Chief Examiners. This is really irregular beyond all comparison, and we direct the High Officers who were deputed to superintend the examinations, to report to the Board of Punishment those officials who are guilty. How is it that the High Officials did not themselves hear of and report these facts ? Let them discover the causes of the irregularities. 

(2) Liu Chang-yu (Governor of Keangsi) has memorialized for the degradation of an assistant Magistrate, Wu Hao-jan, and others. Wu was indebted to a Magistrate in mourning retirement, Chou Wên-huan, for a loan of long-standing, and to repay this he engaged in private trading and evaded the likin tax on the goods, --- an action like a speculator's on the market and not worthy of an official. Chou, out of spite, for he had no duties to fulfil of that sort, reported Wu's doings; and to make matters worse applied that the goods seized might be confiscated, and then handed over to him in satisfaction of the debt.  The officer Yan, who seized the goods, made a highly improper report on the subject. Chou and Yang are hereby temporarily deprived of official rank for the purposes of the investigation, which must be thorough, to serve as a warning to all officials. 

(3) Memorial from Shan Mowhsien, a Grand Secretary, on the Board of War.  On the 27th September an Edict was issued in the following terms. " Fuh-ho having had the daring to abuse and assault Yung-ch'üan, inflicting several Wounds, for ordering him to start for his post, he is handed over to the Board for severe discipline, and Yung-ch'üuan is directed to see that Fuh-ho goes at once on his journey." The question arises as to what is the appropriate discipline. The punishment for a brawl between officers not in actual tenure of office is "de-officialization for private offence." The law also lays down that any high officer ordered to military service in outlying dependencies and incurring censure, must be deofficialized ; and in the terms of the judgment it must be noted whether the deprivation of rank is complete, with opportunity for recovering honour by service on the frontier on half pay, or whether the delinquent is degraded to the ranks absolutely. Fuh-ho was Secretary to the Govt, at Harpa-hot'ai, and a Fu-to-t'ung of the Bordered Blue Banner. He is liable to the punishment of " de-officialization for private offence." The Edict calls on the Board to deal out severe discipline.  The Board has no power to increase the penalty for brawling, but as Fuh-ho has failed to obey the Edict ordering him to King-lien Garrison, he may be punished further as just mentioned, and the pleasure of the Throne is asked for. --- Rescript has already appeared. 

(4) From Tso Tsung-t'ang, Viceroy of Shansi and Kansu, recommending posthumous honours to Hou Yün-têng, sometime Taotai of the Ning-Hsia Circuit. --- The Rescript refers it to the Board of Civil Office. 

5th. --- (1) Edict. On the representation of the Prefect of Shun-tien-fu (Peking) that T'ung-chow and its neighbourhood has suffered severely from the floods, that the pressure on the rice kitchens will be very heavy and that it will consequently be necessary to open kitchens in the villages and city suburbs: We of our grace direct the issue of 1,000 piculs of 粟 rice from the T'ung-chow granaries for distribution among the poor. The rest of the memorial is approved of, and the proper Board will take note thereof. 

(2) Memorial from Tso Tqung-t'ang, Viceroy of Kansu and Shansi, praying for posthumous honours on Chou K'ai-hsi, sometime Treasurer of Fuhkien. 

(3) From Liu K'uên-i, Governor of Kiangsi, reports temporary arrangements necessitated by the death of the Prefect of Jao-chow. --- Rescript: "Noted." 

(4) From the same. Reports having detained Li Chih, to give his assistance as a first reader (of competing essays) during the Chü-jen (M.A.) examinations. Li, who was on his way to his post of Magistrate at Wan-nien Hsien, is himself an M.A., and well-fitted for the work. He will be sent on when the work is over. --- Rescript : "Noted." 

Nov. 6th.--- (I) (Edict).--- At the instance of Wan Ch'ing-le and his colleagues congee-kitchens are established at six gates of the Tartar City and a grant of 972 piculs of rice is made for their support, as an addition to the surplus of 800 piculs remaining over from last year. The recommendations for a strict scrutiny from time to time of the manner in which the kitchens are conducted, are approved of. 

(2) A grant of 1,000 piculs of rice is made to the Yüan-p'ing District for distribution to its poor. 

(3) A long gazette of movements in the Civil Service. 

(4) Memorial from Chin Yü-ying, Governor of Yunnan. (Drafted by Liu Yo-shao, the Viceroy). He sets forth the hardship that it would work to call on those scholars who had been selected to the degree of Pa- hung to go all the way to Peking (9,000 li) to view the Light (of the Emperor's countenance) as is proper under ordinary circumstances. The Province has been so long devastated--- for 18 years --- that, though now at peace, there is little wealth among any class. It is therefore prayed that a 火牌 huo-p'ai (Warrant for travelling at public expense) may issue to the Pa-kungs through the Judge and Treasurer, as in the case of those who have taken M.A. degrees. It is hoped that the country may so far recover at the next Pa-kung promotion that the usual course may be followed. --- Rescript : " Granted. Let the Board of Rites take note." 

(5) From the same, announcing a temporary appointment on a death vacancy., Rescript has already appeared. 

(6) From the Yunnan Authorities. They report that they have temporarily selected for the Pakung degree 15 scholars who have not reached one year's seniority from their passing the B. A. degree. They are aware that this is contrary to rule, hence their selection has been made subject to confirmation, --- but those interested in literature have been scattered by the misfortunes of the province, and no otliers were at hand to fill up. They hope no necessity for this will occur again. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Rites consider this. 

(7) From the Governor of Yunnan.  A General, Li Wei-shu, reports the death of his mother. There is no necessity, in the present tranquil state of the Province, for detaining him from his duty of retiring into mourning, and therefore a deputy has been sent to take charge of Li's post. 

(8) From Viceroy of Fuhkien. Announcing the manner in which he has filled the vacancy of Admiral, caused by the promotion of the late holder of that post to be Commander of the land Forces. 

Nov. 7th.--- The Board of Rites memorialize for the prohibition of slaughter of butcher meat on the 25th November. 

(1) Edict. --- Mao Yung-hsi is appointed to superintend repairs to the Western Tombs. 

(1) Memorial from Pao Yüan-shên, Governor of Shansi. He states that on taking his parting Audience two years ago, the subject of the drill of the Provincial Troops was specially commended to his attention by the Throne. He adopted the system originated by Tsêng Kwo-fan in Chihli.  When he took charge, the Shansi troops were in a shameful state, neither cavalry nor infantry were sufficient in numbers, petty traffic and manual labours were engaged in, and drill altogether ignored. They had never been taught fighting drill, nor even sapping, sentry-duty or reconnoitring.  The Province may be termed the right flank of the Imperial Domain (Chihli), hence the importance of being prepared to meet the swarms of disbanded braves who will shortly be let loose, on the complete pacification of Kansuh and Shansi. 

The advantages of Tsêng Kwo-fan's plan are : --- 

1. --- The troops will be able to cope with the Ma-tsei or Mounted Brigands, against whom the ordinary constables are powerless. 

2. --- Being spread judiciously over the country in camps they will be able to take disbanded braves in detail before they become formidable. 

3. --- They will learn to move at one day's notice.; formerly camp furniture and war material could not be put in motion under several days. 

4. --- They will continue to learn archery from their own officers, in addition to the drill with foreign arms by the officers of " The Braves." 

6. --- They will be a permanent force, fit for immediate use on occasion, and while not needed will employ themselves in drill. They will give thus all the advantages without the drawbacks of the "Braves," which latter are disbanded when done with. 

6. --- The raw-boned ponies will soon become fat, being under the new system made the property of the individual soldiers, who will become attached to their beasts. The cavalry are kept in separate cantonments from the infantry, on account of their different systems of drill. 

7. --- The soldiers by being kept at a distance from their wives and families, will be able to devote their whole attention to their profession, and render themselves hardy. 

[The remainder of the methorial is filled with details of reorganisation and redistribution.] 

Nov. 8th.--- (1) Edict. Ch'iao Sung-nien, the Yellow River Superintendent, reports the happy behaviour of the Yellow River, and His Imperial Majesty orders a tablet in recognition thereof to be bestowed on the Spirit of the River, --- and gives sundry decorations and promotions to the officers who have displayed zeal at their posts. 

(2) Memorial from Ying-han, Governor of Auhuei, proposing the cashiering of Chu Yung-nan, a high military officer, for using his weapon in a dispute with some country folk, and that he be handed over to the local authorities to be punished. --- Rescript: Approved. 

(3) From the same. Proposes that Liu Hsien-wên, Sub-Brigadier at Ganking, and lately promoted to be expectant T'itu, shall be excused from presenting himself at Peking, for there is much Brigandage round Ganking. --- Rescript: Let the Board of War take note. 

Nov. 9th and 10th.--- The monthly Gazette of Civil Service movements. 

(1) Edict. An-hsing-ah, Superintendent of the East Octroi Barriers, at Peking, reports, on termination of his term of office, that the receipts more than covered the expenditure, but he is unable to pay the whole of the balance due. --- Let the Revenue Board investigate and report to Us on this. 

(2) Chalafêngah, Superintendent of the Western Octroi Barrier, is in the same predicament. 

(3) These two officers are also on the Board of the Shang ssü-yüan 上駟院, (The Imperial Stable Department), as their Barriers support it. They report that this year 37 mules have died under their hands, and request to be visited with appropriate discipline for being unable to replace the mules, because the Treasury allowance for purchasing mules is far below the market price. H. I. M. remarks that the huge mortality discloses mismanagement, and directs the Revenue Board and the Stable Department to report to the Throne what are the limits of time allowed to such officials to replace the beasts. No such sham entries in the accounts will be allowed in future. The discrepancy is acknowledged between the allowed and the market value of mules, and the Revenue Board and Stable Department are directed to consider what changes must be made in the existing regulations ; which change must, however, leave untouched the dependence of the Stables on the Barriers for funds. The two officials are pardoned so far as their difficulties are caused by the discrepant prices for mules. 

(4) The Censors (K'o-shi-pu and others) of the intra-mural districts of Peking quote the custom of previous years as a precedent for the distribution of quilted clothes and cash to the poor. --- We feel that the state of the poor on the gradual approach of winter is worthy of pity, and We grant, in the terms of the memorial, that Tls. 3,600 shall issue from those funds in the control of the Nei-wu fu which are let out at interest. If the Ch'ang-lu office (a Salt Office at or near Tientsin ?) has not repaid the Treasury-loan, let the Kwang-chu-ssŭ (a Department in the Household) supply the money in the meantime for immediate distribution. 

(5) The Punishment Board reports the arrival of Ch'êng-lu, lately dismissed from high military command in Wulumuch'i. --- Let the High Officers of the Grand Council and Board of Punishment conjointly hear the case against Oheng-lu, and report to the Throne as to what the law requires under the circumstances. 

(6) Li Hung-ch'ang and two high Officers of the Granary Department recommend that delivery be accepted at T'ungchow of the Grain Tribute from the South, in place of at Tientsin as heretofore. This leaves the transport of, and responsibility for, the grain up the Peiho in the hands of the C. M. S. N. Co. and sweeps away a Grain Tribute Office (and all its peculation) from Tientsin. H. I. M. directs Li and his colleagues to draw up regulations embodying this idea, which is approved of. 

(7) Memorial. An appeal case from the Censorate. 

The appellant, Niu Chao-cli'ên, a literate by purchase, of T'ai-ku-hsien, in Shansi, states that his late brother, Niu Tso-ch'en let, on the 典 or mortgage system, a plot of 80 odd mow of rich rice land in P'ing-shan-hsien, in Chihli, to one Chang Tê-hou, for the sum of 375,000 for a round term of 6 years. The brother died two years afterwards, and the appellant delayed going to P'ing-shan until the end of the tenancy --- failing to arrive punctually through the state of the ways. Another relation Niu Pa-kuan also let 54 mow in the the same locality to Po-shun, for 220,000 cash for the whole term of 5 years.  The appellant on reaching Ping-shan appled to Chang for the rental and for an alteration in the terms of his tenancy.  Chang had got ear of the brother's death, and in concert with Po-shun fabricated two deeds purporting to convey the land to them for TIb. 100 and 200,000 cash.  The appellant discovered that these deeds had no official certificate of Registration of transfer attached, and that the date alleged in them was 4 months after the brother's death. A suit was at once commenced, and it was decided most justly by the magistrate, Shou, of that place, that Chang and Po had no defence. These gentlemen then, through a third party, bribed Shou with Tls. 500 to delay execution. The appellant during the delay got sick and had to return home for his health, leaving his case with some relatives.  These pressed it so much that another bribe of Tls. 2,780 in a bill at one month's sight was administered to Shou, and he then put pressure on one of the relatives to hush up the case. The bullying had the effect of driving the poor man into mania, and he finally died under the cruel insults of Chang. The appellant then turned to the magistrate's immediate superior, Liu, Prefect of (Chêng-ting fu, but he and the magistrate were bound together in the sentimental relation of teacher and pupil, and the appellant simply got advice to withdraw the suit on receipt of Tls. 100. No redress has been obtained by appeal to the Provincial Judge and Governor. --- The Rescript has already appeared. 

(8) Tu-hsing-ah and his colleagues in charge of the Tombs, apply for the naming of a propitious day to replace the Ancestral Tablets after completion of the repairs.  Rescript : --- " Will answer separately." (This answer has already appeared.) 

(9) Ming-an, of the Moukden Government, prays for the appointment of a successor to an officer whose recent promotion has vacated his seat on a high commission on an appeal case. --- Rescript : "Chih-ho is hereby appointed." 

11th. --- (1) Edict. --- It has been brought to the notice of the Throne that Wu-t'ang, Viceroy of Szechuen, has not decided a case referred to him two years ago. He is recommended to stir himself up. 

(2) The case against Ch'i-shan, a Manchu military officer in Moukden, for causing the suicide of a gentleman of official status through unjustly imprisoning him, has been found proven. Ch'i-shan is condemned to serve in a fortress on the frontier. The other recommendations of the Court which tried the case are concurred in. [See Aug.  18th.] 

(3) Memorial from Li Han-chang, Viceroy of Hukuang, and the Hunan and Hu- peh Governors. [This was quoted sufficiently in the Edict of Nov. 1st.] 

(4) From Shao Hêng-yü, Governor of Shense. He recommends the de-officialization, for the purpose of a trial, of an assistant Magistrate for meddling in a case (in which life was lost, in the absence of the proper seal-holding magistrate.) One Wang owed a debt he could not pay, swallowed a potion, and then went and created a disturbance in his creditor's house. The creditor thinking the man was merely drunk, led him to the assistant magistrate's Yamên, to be there examined and punished ; but as soon as they got inside, the poison took effect, and the man died on the spot. The Rescript grants this. 

(5) From Ts'ien Ting-ming 錢鼎銘 Governor of Honan. He has investigated and found proven a charge against one Li Kwang-hsü alias Li T'ien-ts'u for having purchased official rank under a false name.  A further charge of buying literary rank for his son, under suspicious circumstances as to the examination undergone to attain it, has not been proved as to the suspicious circumstances. A difficulty occurs in that there is no precise law to meet the case.  He suggests a penalty from an analogous case in the books, viz : --- military servitude on the nearest frontier, together with 100 blows, on the reduced scale (i.e. forty blows) when he reaches his place of exile.  The penalty is mitigated by the consideration that Li had not actually entered on the office which he purchased under this fraud. The others through whose hands the transaction for purchase passed were not cognizant of the fraud, and are blameless. --- Rescript "Let the Board of Punishment report on this." 

(6) From Shao Hêng-yü. A Yu-chi, (military officer of the 3rd Button), named Chao Yü-ch'êng, together with a body servant, a mafoo, and a friend whom Chao met on the road, have been arrested on the charge of high way robbery, --- and they have admitted the truth of the charge. Chao was going home on leave from his cantonment in King-chow, in Ninghsia District, Kansu Province; and finding his travelling funds grow light, he and his friends waylaid merchants on the road. The Rescript de-officializes Chao and hands him over to the law. --- [The penalty in his case will be death.] 

12th. --- (1) Edict. --- Announces the result of the test (or honour) examinations for those who have passed M.A. Eighteen are in the first class, forty-eight in the second, and seventy three in the third class. Two who are entered in the fourth class are put back one term in their seniority, and recommended to increased diligence in study. Others who did not complete their papers are deprived of their degree of MA. 

(2) An appointment in Peking. 

(3) Memorial. --- From Ting Pao-chen, Governor of Shantung. He states that the temple to Mencius in that sage's native place has fallen into disrepair from long neglect. Tls. 17,886 is the sum which, after much cutting down of estimates, is found to be required. The balance in hand of the Temple-repairing Fund of this Province is out at interest on Salt Warrants, 引票 [this is a new invention] and cannot be called in at once. The memorialist has advanced the amount from the Provincial Treasury. --- Rescript : " Noted. " 

(4) From Liu K'uên-i, Governor of Kiangsi. He explains how it is that Ts'ai Kao-nien was not promoted to the first vacancy of Prefect which was at Nan- k'ang, --- namely, because Ts'ai arrived three months after the former holder had to retire into mourning, and it was therefore given to the first man on the list --- K'ia Liang-chên. ---Rescript : " Let the Board of Civil Office consider this." 

(5) From the same. Reporting a change in the Prefecture of Nanch'ang--- Rescript : "Noted." 

Nov. 13th.--- (1) Edict.--- Mu-t'eng-a and Fu-sheng report from Nanking that a petty officer named Shou-lu, having been obstreperous in his demands for pay, was dismissed the service and handed into the custody of To-lun, a military officer of the rank of Tso-ling. The man was noisy in confinement, and To-lun took on himself to punish him for that, thereby causing his death. Shou-lu's widow accuses To-lun of malice aforethought, and includes Wo-he- t'u, and others as being accessories. This must be inquired into thoroughly. To-lun is hereby cashiered. Wo-hê-t'u is cashiered temporarily for the purposes of a trial, and the others are dismissed the army.  Let the Viceroy, Li Tsung-hsi, depute an officer to assist in the investigation, and report to the Throne what the law requires. 

(2) Memorial. --- The Viceroy Jui-lin at Canton, and the Governor of Kwantung, Chang Chao-tung, report finally on the measures taken during the last two years against refractory villages in the neighbourhood of Ch'aochow (Swatow), and make sundry recommendations to the Throne for those who have assisted. General Fang has killed in Sha-tung, Ssŭ-shang-tien, Kin-p'u, and Hua-yang 288 ; in the Chieh- yang (K'it-yang) District 234 ; in Huei-lai and P'u-ming 156, all these wretches having confessed. Concealed cannon of all sizes to the number of 600 odd were taken possession of ; among these were more than a hundred of foreign make, the largest weighing five or six thousand pounds, which can be used by the Government troops. --- Rescript : "Noted.'* 

Nov. 14th. (1) Edict--- Wan Wenshao, Governor of Hunan, reports that at Anhna, (or Oonfa) one of the wealthiest tea districts where a detachment of troops and gunboats are always stationed, a bold attempt on a tea hong took place in the 6th moon, ushered in by the burning and sinking of the gunboat on guard. Some of the robbers were caught and tried, and the country is now described as quiet, but the chief brigand^Tiien Ming-yang is at large, and we call upon the Govemdr to use hia best efforts to bring the man to justice.  We refer the officers and men who fell, to the Board for commiseration, and concur in other recommendations of the memorialist. 

A monthly Gazette of Civil Service movements in the provinces. 

(2) Memorial. --- From Tso Tsung-t'ang, Viceroy of Kansu and Shensi, reporting having filled up vacancies on the dismissed of two officers, one the Prefect of the Ninghsia, the other, an assistant Prefect in the Salt Office of that place.--- Rescript : " Let the Board of Civil Office take note." 

(3) The Viceroy of Canton and his colleagues report the result of anxious deliberation, in conjunction with the Treasurer and Judge, and the gentry of Ch'aochow fu (Swatow) on the mischievous habit the people of that district had long indulged in, of petty, internecine strife ; a habit at the root of much brigandage, and possibly of a rebellion.  They attribute it to the weakness of the local authorities and to the absence of cultured influence. They propose to cleanse the source by dealing with it on four points. First, the fount of justice must be pure. A long proclamation has been issued to the magistrates, pointing out the duties of themselves and their underlings in awarding such swift and equal justice, both in civil and criminal matters, as shall commend itself to the people, and promising rewards to success and removal and punishment to those who fail. Second, the claims of parentage and seniority to deference must be reinforced. The duties of heads of villages and of clan-chiefs have been defined in a series of regulations.  Third, literary culture must be encouraged.  The gentry will be invited to establish free schools, and then the Sacred Edict and the Book of Poetry will doubtless exert their due influence towards courtesy and uprightness. Fourth, the taxes must be punctually collected. The revenue due in that area is over Tls. 200,000, and this has been habitually in arrear. An effort has lately been made, and the debit balance of many years cleared off, and the payers and payees of taxes have had their duties in this matter clearly set forth. The memorialists hope their action will enure in a better state of things. --- Rescript: " Noted." 

(4) From the same. Strongly recommending General Fang to the notice of the Throne for his wonderful success. --- Rescript : '* We bestow on him a Yellow Jacket." 

(5) From Tso Tsung-t'ang, Viceroy of Kansu and Shensi. (An enclosure). *A Fu-chiang (high military officer) named Wu Lan-kuei states that his family Register has .recently been revised, and it has come to his notice that the character kuei in his own name has already been used by a distant ancestor. He prays the Throne for leave to withdraw respectfully from his present name, and to take that of An-j6n.  The Viceroy states that there is nothing in Wu's record against him. --- Rescript: '' The petition is granted. Let the Board of War take note.** 

Nov. 15th. (l) Edict (a Board appointment). 

Another monthly Gazette. 

(2) Memorial. --- From the Censors of Examinations, already quoted in the Edict of the 4th inst. 

(3) From Prince Kung, reporting a routine appointment. --- Rescript : " Noted." 

(4) From the Viceroy of Huquang, Li Han-chang and the Governor of Hupeh Kuo Po-yin. The memorialists were directly called upon by the Throne to report on the present capacity for holding office, of the Grain Commissioner Ting Shou-tsun. They hereby perceive the anxiety of H. I. M. to have capable servants. T'ing has held office nine years; and though of full power at first, is now much enfeebled by an incurable sickness. --- Rescript : " Let the Board of Civil Office take note." 

(5) From the same. The filling of a death vacancy. --- Rescript : "Let the Board, of War report on this." 

(6) From the same. Proposing the dismissal of a military officer for swindling a poor woman out of some money. --- Rescript : " Granted. Let the Board of War take note." 

(7) From the Governor of Honan. Reporting his arrangement on the absence at Audience of General Yang Hung-li. ---Rescript : "Noted." 

(8) From the same. Reports that 15,740 students appeared at the Chü-jen (M.A.) examinations this year. Two thousand has hitherto been thought an extraordinary number. The resources of the Examination Halls have been severely taxed, and 1,600 new cells had to be built on the spur of the occasion. All passed off successfully, however. The number of candidates is thought a great subject for congratulation, and it is attributed to the long peace of the province.--- Rescript: "Noted." 

(9) From Ch'ang shun. Praying that he may keep a Mongol Prince, To-pu-sin-ta-mu- tsin, at his post (in spite of an Edict recalling him) until his successor arrives. [This is at one of the distant dependencies]. --- Rescript : " Granted. Let the Colonial Office take note." 

(10) From the Governor of Honan. A mourning vacancy. 

(11) From General (Manchu) Ting-an at Uliassutai. Recommends an officer for success in bringing forward the military chest. --- Rescript: " Let the Board of Civil Office report." 

(12) From the same. Praying for fur coats for his men during the bitter cold.  An outlay of Tls. 23,400 is needed for this, over and above the ordinary expenses of Tls. 16,000, and he does not know where to look for it but at Peking. --- Rescript : " Granted. Let the Board of Revenue take note." 

Nov. 16th (1, 2,3,) Edicts filling up vacancies while T'o-yün is absent on leave. He was Fu-tu-t'ung of the Manchu Red Banner. 

A list of appointments. 

(4) Memorial. --- From Liu Chang-yu, Governor of Kuangsi. (An enclosure ) This reports the trading and smuggling of an officer, and the officious and cunning conduct of one Chou, an official in mourning retirement, which has been already dealt with in the Edict of the 4th inst. 

(5) From the Hu-kuang authorities, reporting that the Hupeh military examinations have, according to law, been presided over by the Viceroy (he residing in that province) with the Governor as second. --- Rescript: "Let the Board of War take note." 

(6) From the Kuangsi Governor. Reporting the Acting Magistrate of Ssŭ-ên hsien. [See Edict of the 3rd inst.] 

(7) From Yen-hsü, Pi Tao-yüan and others, recommending the opening of congee kitchens in the Chinese city. [See Edict of the 3rd inst.] 

(8) From the Kueichow authorities.  Praying that the Pa-kung and Yu-kung degree men may have their expenses paid to Peking. --- Rescript: "Granted. Let the Board take note.'' 

(9) From the Kuangsi Governor. States that the Revenue demanded from the Nan-ning fu Barrier in respect of duties on Betel-nut arriving from Annam was Tls. 516, plus extras Tls. 2,416.18, in ordinary years of 12 months, and Tls.  569, plus Tls. 2,474.12 for years of 13 months. The successive officers in charge of that Barrier have from time to time reported that no Betel-nut enters by that route, it having been diverted to the sea-route by the disturbed state of the country. The Governor and his colleagues have investigated this subject, and find the allegation to be true. They recommend that all claims against former officers in charge, for Revenue at that Barrier on account of Betel-nut duties, shall be withdrawn from 1864 and onwards. --- Rescript: "Let the Board of Revenue report." 

(10) A long memorial suggesting congee kitchens at the six outside gates of the Tartar city. The gist of this was quoted in the Edict of the 6th instant. 

Nov. 17th.--- (1) Memorial from I-jung and I-wên, reporting arrangements on the recall to Audience of Hai-ying, the Manchu Sub-Brigadier at Alotsuk'o. 

(2) From Nojên reporting repairs to Tombs. 

(3) From Chang Shu-shêng, Governor of Kiangsu. This memorial reports on the works for deepening the water-ways between the T'ai hu Lake. The work was undertaken under orders from the Throne.  Seventy-two creeks are named, thirteen of which were very badly silted. The Soo- chow Creek was very shallow for 40 li between Wongdu and Tsaoukadu, and the bed for the other 20 li to Sinza was very much raised. The creeks about Taitsang were very bad. The Estimates are as follows : --- For the Low-kong Creeks, Tls.  22,400. For Wongdu and its neighborhood, Tls. 12,000. For the Soochow Creek, Tls. 125,100. For Tsih-pu, Tls.  26,300. For Tzulukinar, Tls. 13,800.  For Jowtow, Tls.x 95,200. Total, Tls.  295,000. The Li-kin Revenues are to bear the whole expense. Three years will probably complete the works. The Treasurer, Ying Pao-shih, has been the moving spirit in this great undertaking. Leave is asked to name the other officers who have rendered valuable service. --- Rescript : " Granted. Let the Board take note." 

Nov. 18th.--- (1) Edict.--- The High Authorities of Kueichow report for honour the death of a Brevet-General of Extra Banner Forces, named Tsung Wen-hsiu.  He had distinguished himself in several provinces and also against the Miao-tsze, and at last died in camp during 1871 in the Sulphurous Districts, to H. I. M.'s great grief. The usual grants due in case of a full general dying after victory in camp, are hereby accorded, and an epitaph due to a full general dying on the field of battle. Others are to be placed in the same chapel as the above. 

(2) Memorial from Li Hung-chang. Recommends for the post of Magistrate at Jaoyang, Chang Wei-chang, aged 62, a doctor in literary degree, of Kansuh province, now Magistrate at Taming. The late man has been promoted. 

(3) From the same ; asking for deofficialization of a Shou-pei (Captain) named Morh Kênt'u, in charge at Huai-lai, for having instigated a soldier to maltreat a peasant in a dispute, so cruelly as to cause severe hurts which afterwards brought about death " from their having caught cold." The Rescript grants this. • • 

(4) From Yisu and others reporting the completion of the Epitome of the history of the suppression of the Taiping and Mahomedan Rebellious. It is in 321 volumes. 

(5) From the Great Council (Prince Kung &c.) an Enclosure. The Epitome just referred to was undertaken in 1869, and the expenses allowed were Tls. 250 per month. The Board of Revenue advanced the sums necessary during 24 months, for which the Great Council owes them Tls, 6,000. It is now proposed to repay this Tls. 6,000 by annual instalments of Tls. 300. [This is only 5 % on the capital loan, and after paying that for 20 years the capital is to vanish !] --- The Rescript approves of this. 

(6) From the Governor of Anhwei.  Reports having advanced from the Provincial Treasury the sum of Taels 10,000 for the Chihli Flood- commiseration Fund. Which sum is the amount fixed to be paid from Anhwei. The Likin Chest which should have paid it was empty at the time, from meeting a recent requisition for the Military Chest in Kan- suh. --- Rescript : " Noted." 

(7) From the Governor of Anhwei.  Reports that, during the month he was locked up at Nanking superintending the Chü-jen examinations, so many important affairs occurred demanding his presence at Ganking that he, with the concurrence of the Viceroy at Nanking, returned by steamer to his post immediately he was released, without waiting to seal the Lists of successful candidates. Precedents are quoted from Li Hung-chang's Viceroyalty for deputing the formal sealing to other High-Officers. --- Rescript : " Noted," 

Nov. 19th.--- (1) Edict.--- Wên-ping reports the safety of the upper part of the Yellow River down to the end of autumn.  The River had swollen greatly in September ; but through tremendous exertions of all the officers no catastrophe occurred.  H. I. M. is deeply affected by the goodness of the Spirit of the Stream, and besides the usual votive tablet, directs the issue of ten large Thibetan incense sticks for burning at his shrine. 

(2, 3, 4) Three High Commissions on appeal cases. 

(5) Memorial by Ko-shih-p'u and others, suggesting the issue of quilted clothes to the poor. [See Edict of 10th instant.] 

(6) Ch'iao Sung-nien, Superintendent of the lower part of the Yellow River, recommends for distinction by the Throne, those who made themselves conspicuously useful in curbing the waters during the late season. [The Edict has already appeared.] 

(7) From the same. Reporting the state of the River to the end of autumn, and its safety. [Edict has already appeared.] 

(8) From Ching-lin. The condition of the Palace which H. I. M.'s Ancestors occupied before the Dynasty conquered China, has not been reported on for five years.  As the memorialist has nothing better to do just now, he is going, in light travelling style, to pay the place a visit. 

Nov. 20th.--- (2) Li Hung-chang has reported the great success with which the outburst of the Yung-ting River has been coped with. The officers concerned are hereby reinstated in all their former honours, of which they were deprived for their (presumed) carelessness in allowing the catastrophe. 

(3 and 4) The officers An-hsing-ah and Cha-la-fêng-ah, who lately reported themselves unable to pay the balances to the credit of the Octroi Barriers under their charge--- the said balances being Tls. 493 odd and Tls. 44 odd, respectively --- are, at the suggestion of the Board of Revenue, forgiven their debts. The rest of the Board's recommendations are approved of. 

Nov. 20th.--- (1) Edict.--- The Governor of Chekeang has recommended that the districts East of the Hwangpoo, in the Sungkiang Prefecture, should be relieved of part of the tax for 1872 in support of the salt-evaporating furnaces, as they have already been relieved, by the grace of the Throne, of part of their grain tribute payments. H. I. M. accords this. Those who had already paid the full amount due will have the surplus carried to their credit on the next year's collections. This is ordered to be made known in the method usual for Imperial Rescripts of general bearing. 

(6) Memorial. --- From the Board of Punishment, reporting the arrival in custody of Chêng-lu, lately a General of ExtraBanner Forces at Wulumuch'i. This gentleman requisitioned a district in that locality, and on their refusing to meet his demands, massacred 200 and more of the inhabitants. This exploit he reported to the Throne as a success against the rebels, with recommendations to distinction of his subordinate officers, --- ^all in the most formal manner. [The Edict ordering the Board to proceed to trial has already appeared.] 

(6) From the Governor of Shensi, Shao Hêng-yü. Reports the result of the trial of a General of Extra-Banner Forces named Chang Kuo-an, and of his confederates (also military officers) for conspiring to defraud by means of forged seals, and states the penalty the law indicates.  These gentlemen were in want of funds to take them home. They first got some blank forms as patterns, engraved and struck off a few dozen copies of what purported to be money orders, and manufactured a seal to give them an official look. They then burnt all the traces of their working. No one would cash these orders, so they turned their attention to forging such a document as would get them horses and carts free of expense on the road. They stole blank paper used for writing orders from superior to inferior official on, and two official envelopes, and set to work again. When everything was ready, one of the number lost heart and ''peached." [The Rescript orders the Board of Punishment to report on the suggested penalties.] 

Nov. 21st.--- (I) Edict.--- The leaders of a gang of robbers have been captured on the confines of Moukden and Jehol, and sentenced to death. Some officers are decorated and promoted for this service, and the various authorities are recommended to increased vigilance, and to the use of paid spies, and seeking out those who have eluded capture. 

(2) Censor Shên-huai, in a memorial, prays that repairs to Yuen-ming-yuen may be put off. As the Treasury is still ill furnished, drought and floods follow each other in constant succession, and military expenditure has not quite ceased, We look upon economy as the Empire's first need. How then could We increase the expenditure by commencing any building operations ? The Censor's Memorial, though founded on rumour, is not uncalled for. Yet the two Dowager Empresses, in their unflagging attention to business in assisting Us for the past ten years, and in the continued absence of any spot where they could take the gentle relaxation they so much need, have greatly moved Our commiseration, We therefore directed the High Officer of the Household (Nei-wu-fu) to find mean, to prepare a place of retreat and recreation, but at the same time urging the most careful, economy. The An-yu-kung was the portrait gallery of Our Sainted Predecessors; that and a temple in which the Dowager Empresses might reside in, and a place for Ourselves to transact business in, are to be repaired and rebuilt in a small way, and without much expense. The rest will not be touched. We make this known for the information of all, both of those at the Capital and those in the Provinces. 

(3) Memorial. --- From Chang Shu- shing, Governor of Kiangsu. Reports the munificent gift to the charities of Soochow by the Kin (金) family, of the capital sum of TIs. 10,000. This has been placed at interest in the hands cf pawnshops, and brings in TIs. 1,200 per annum.  The donors desire its distribution thus : --- TIs. 600 to Congee kitchens in the winter, TIs. 300 to the Foundling Hospital, the rest to two other institutions. The gift is made with express disclaimer of any desire for honours from the Throne. The Governor asks for leave to erect a tablet to perpetuate the memory of the gift, and to place on formal record the objects to be supported. --- Rescript : ''Granted and approved." 

(4) From the - same. Reports for notice by the Throne Ho Shên-hsiu 何慎修, who has been associated in the work of dredging the waterways of the province. He has often greatly distinguished himself by devoting his time to works of public usefulness, is over 60 years old, and is dutifully attending at the knees of his aged parents who are on the edge of the grave. ---Rescript : " Let him come to audience." 

(5) From the same. Reports being about to visit the great port of Shanghai for the first time, and will in a subsequent memorial give an account of the state of the waterways, and generally of all that he may see of importance. --- Rescript : Noted.

(6) From Li Hung-chang, ren-hsii, and Pi Tao ytlan. --- ^This recommends that delivery of the Grain Tribute be accepted at T'ung-chow from the Chinese Merchant Steamer Company, instead of at Tientsin as formerly. The Rescript approving this has already appeared. 

(7) From the same. Recommending for honour the officers who have been drilling the troops in Chihli. 

Nov. 22nd.--- (1) Edict. A Gazette. 

(2) Bestows a month's extra rations on the troops at the Capital, as usual on the approach of winter. 

(3) Memorial from Ting Pao-chên. Reports the state of the Yellow River in Shantung down to the middle of October. --- Rescript: "Noted." [A long detailed paper] 

(4) From the Viceroy at Nanking, and the Governor of Kiangsu. Reports that the sometime Magistrate of I-ching (near Nanking), who was indebted to the Treasury in the sum of TIs. 2,300 or so, shortaccounted for during his tenure of office, has paid up within the period allowed. 

[The following curious regulations are prefixed to the Gazette of 23rd November. 

Gazette copyists, and printers of editions of the Peking Gazette, were ordered on the 7th Nov., 1873, to take note of, and mutually see to the observance of these regulations : --- 

1.--- "MS. copies of all Edicts will be supplied every Gazette-printing establishment. Any editor who takes upon himself to omit, ad has happened, an Edict granting remission of Grain Tribute, will be severely punished." 

[The Board of Revenue Officials might wish to keep back the knowledge of such an Edict from the provincials concerned.] 

2. --- "The limit of size is increased to ten sheets. Should the matter in hand extend further, notice must be printed of what is held over to the next issue.  It is forbidden to editors to cut down their issue to 4 or 5 sheets by omissions. 

[A full sheet contains 368 characters, 16 columns of 23 characters.] 

3. --- " All Commissions, Audiences, and Monthly Gazettes must be printed in full at once, --- no more selection will be allowed. "

4. --- " Every document, however lengthy, must be printed as a whole at one issue, and not spread over three or four as heretofore --- the limit of ten sheets notwithstanding." 

Nov. 23rd. --- (land 2) Edicts. --- Appointing supervisors at the Archery Trials. 

(3) The Board of Revenue is called upon to consider the application of the recent Superintendent of the Chang-chia-k'ou (Khalgan) Barrier, that the surplus revenue collected by him during his year may be passed to his credit as he is unable to pay up. 

(4) An appeal case from the Censorate.  The appellant, by name Li Shau-chow, had been engaged with his nephew Li Hung-chun in business in the district city of Suy-ning. During 1861, the Nien- fei infested the neighbourhood, and the small body of Imperial troops there stationed were on the point of dispersing through want of provisions and discipline, and he was commissioned by the provincial authorities to raise supplies and recruits.  He did so, and spent over Tls. 15,000 ; and by that means several victories were gained over the rebels, and the district was restored to quietness. After the troops were disbanded, his claim for reimbursement was not only ignored altogether by the local Magistrate and Prefect, who claimed the merit for themselves, but they first caused his house to be plundered, and carried away his official papers (the proofs of his claim) and then trumped up a charge of robbery against him for which he suffered banishment. Failing to get redress from the provincial authorities, he had come to Peking and already got an Edict directing the Viceroy of Szechuen to investigate the case, but the only effect of that had been that the Viceroy had imprisoned his nephew who had presented the appeal. --- For Rescript. Vide Edict of the 11th Nov. 

(5) Li Ho-nien Viceroy of Fokien reports various military officers for incapacity, and asks that their dismissal be sanctioned. --- Rescript. Granted. Let the Board of war take note. 

(6) A memorial from Juy-lin Viceroy of Canton, and Liu Ch'ang-yu, Governor of Kwang-si. They have had difficulty in selecting a fit officer to fill the post of Prefect at Chin-an, in the unhealthy border districts (the Sulphurous Districts) of the provinces, which requires peculiar qualifications. Their first choice was disapproved of by Board of Rites, and now they propose to appoint a Manchu named Ying-jur.  A list of his services is added, and if the appointment is approved, it is requested that his presentation to the Emperor be deferred till the present disturbed state of the districts is settled. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Rites consider and report to the Throne. 

(7) From the same. Sen Shing-seh, a military officer, reports having recovered from his wounds, and begs that his leave of absence be recalled. He also returns thanks for the brevet rank of Ti-tu and other honours. --- Rescript: The Request is granted. Let the Board of War take note. 

Nov. 24. --- (1) A list of various promotions in the lower ranks of the civil service. 

(2) Two officers having been reported by the Governor-General of Sze-chuan for incapacity, their cases are adjudicated upon by H. I. M. One is allowed to return on account of old age ; the other is suspended. 

(3) An Edict censuring various high officers in Mongolia for mismanagement, and referring them to the Board for proper discipline. Regulations had been drawn up for the supply of rice, &c., to the poor people, in consequence of continued bad harvests, and several dismissals had been made among the junior officers for mismanagement and negligence in carrying out these Regulations. Now, on the representation of the Board of Punishment, Chang-shun and his colleagues, their superiors, are reprimanded for not having taken more care in giving instructions. 

(4) This and the following Gazette are taken up with a long report from a special Commissioner, who was deputed to try an officer of the name of Ch'i-shan, for causing the death of an official through unjust imprisonment. (Vide Gazette Aug. 18th).  The recommendations of the Memorialist were approved in Gazette of Nov. 11th). 

Nov. 25. --- (1) An appointment on the Board of Civil Service. 

(2) Arranging for the sacrifices at the Temple of Heaven in the Winter Solstice.  The Emperor in person to sacrifice at the main altar, and four officers are selected for the subordinate altars. 

(3) The Viceroy of Szechuen is directed to select a proper officer as District Magistrate in the provincial capital. 

(4) Conferring promotions on Chang Yun-i and others, for their geomantic services in constructing new Imperial tombs. 

(5) Appointing the Viceroy and Governor of Hupeh as a High Commissioner to hear and report upon the appeal case of Hseung Wen-yuen. 

(6) Appointing the Governor of Hunan as High Commissioner, to hear and report on the appeal of Jao Ko-yung. 

Nov. 26th. --- (1) Granting a year's leave of absence to Ting Pao-chen Governor of Shantung, in order to enable him to repair his family burying ground, and several acting appointments consequent thereon. 

(2) There will be no Court ceremony on the 28-29th Nov. 

(3) Pao Yueu-shen, Governor of Shansi, proposes to appoint Shen Ta-mo as Acting sub-Prefect of Cheai-chow, an important charge as the Yellow River runs through the district. A list of his services is added. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Civil service consider and report. 

(4) From the same. Reporting facts in the case of the escape of a criminal named Kao Tai-tseotze while under charge of the Magistrate of Yangchu ; proposing certain investigations to ascertain whether there was any bribery, and that the Magistrate be referred to the Civil Service Board for the appropriate discipline. --- Rescript : Let the Board fix the discipline according to law, the rest of the memorial granted as prayed. 

(6) From the same. Proposing Chang Yuen-ting as district Magistrate of Fen- yang, with special reasons for this particular case. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Civil Service consider and report. 

Nov. 27th. --- From Shan-ching, Commander-in-chief of the Tartar Garrison at Hangchow in Chekiang, praying that Teh Leng-o an officer lately promoted to the rank of Tso-leng may be excused the formality of being presented at Court for the present. Foreign arms have recently been purchased for his troops, and Instructors are much wanted to teach them the new drill, which is very different from the old musket drill. The officer in question is an able instructor, and in view of the importance of the subject his services in the camp cannot well be spared ; bye and bye when the troops have got to some degree of perfection in the drill, both he and the nominee-in-waiting will be sent to Peking. --- Rescript. Granted. Let the Board of War take note. 

(2) From the same. --- The rear division of the above Garrison being very much reduced in strength, it has been arranged to reinforce it by drafts from Honan of 800 men altogether, but barracks and yamens for the soldiers and officers have first to be built. These works will be finished by degrees so as not to throw all the expense on one year, and the men will be moved as the buildings are finished. --- Rescript. Noted. 

(3) From the Governer of Kwangsi, recommending Wen-hwei for the post of Prefect of Hsünchow-foo, and asking that his presentation be deferred on account of the disturbed state of the district. --- Rescript.  Let the Board of Civil Service consider and report. 

(4) Wen-hwei returns thanks for his promotion to the rank of Foo Tu-t'ing. 

Nov. 28. ---(1). Juy-lin, Viceroy of Canton, along with the Governor and Military Commander of the Province, pray that the services of Tsen Sao-tsung --- a General serving in the northern Province of Kwang- tung --- may be retained, notwithstanding the death of his father, for which he ought to retire for the customary period. - He is a most able officer, and has done great service in pacifying the districts, but they are not yet quiet. A precedent is given in the case of the same individual, when his mother died four years ago. --- Rescript : Granted. Let the Board of War take note. 

(2). From Juy-lin and the Naval Ti-tu, proposing Lai-Chin-tsun as Foo-tseang at Ta-pang-hsee. --- Rescript : Let the Board of War consider and report. 

(3.) From the same, reporting a routine appointment. --- Rescript : Let the Board of War take note. 

(4) Ching-lin, a General in command of a circuit in the north-east of Chihli, reports having completed his tour of inspection of the various military stations along the Imperial road leading to the ancestral seat of the present dynasty. He found everything in good order, and also that the Feng-shui of the places was attended to, the posts in front of the stations being erect, the roads swept clean, &c. He did not fail to urge the several officers in charge to increased care and diligence. --- Rescript : Noted. 

Nov. 29.--- (1) An edict bestowing the rank of Fu Tu-t'ung on Wenlin a Manchu officer in charge of Hami, and other districts in Western Kansuh, for his victories over the Mahommedan rebels. They had laid siege to the town of Hami, but he attacked and routed them, killing 100 in one and 300 in another engagement besides capturing arms &c, ; other rewards to be given when a fuller report appears. 

(2) Memorial from Wu fang Viceroy of Szechuen reporting upon Wang Shu-han, an expectant prefect who has passed his year's probation in the provincial capital with eclat (This was after his first arrival in the province.) He has shown himself worthy of any post, and ought to be employed. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Civil Service take note. 

(3) Memorial from Sao Han-yu Governor of Shensi, recommending T'ang Pai-lui for service.--- Rescript ; Let the Board of Civil Service take note. 

(4) Routine appointments by Juy-lin Viceroy of Canton. --- Rescript : Noted. 

(6) From Sao Hăn-yu, Governor of Shensi (an enclosure) reporting an attack by robbers on the house of a gentleman named MaPai-ling situated in the provincial capital, in the course of which his concubine and two children were killed. The police first arrested Suu Tu-kwei urh who said the robbery had been planned by himself and one Pal Yen-kwei at the instigation of Ma Cheng-en. These two being also arrested, the former confessed without hesitation, but the latter refused to reveal his motives. It seems he had held the hereditary office of P'i-t'ang in the capital, and been degraded for his connection with the Mahammedan rebels. His antecedents and his refusal to confess his motives lead one to fear there was more in the case than has come to light, and therefore he is sent back to the Prefect for re-examination. --- Rescript : Let the Board of Punishments take note. 

(7) Wu-t'ang Viceroy of Szechuen reports how from ill health he had been unable to superintend in person the whole of his public duties, and what measures he had taken in consequence. --- Rescript : Noted. 

Nov. 30th.--- (1) Edict. Granting permission to Tsow-kwei to retire from his post of Superintendent of the Salt Gabelle in Shantung, in order to take care of his aged parents. 

(2) Memorial from the Kweichow authorities, reporting for posthumous honours the death of Tu Wen-hsiu. (See Edict (1) of 18th Nov. for the facts of the case.) 

(3) From the Governor of Hunan reporting the sacking of a tea hong in An- hua (see Edict (1) of Nov. 14th.) 

(4) From the same, forwarding an application from Hien-ying an officer of the rank of T'san-chiang, properly belonging to the bordered Yellow banner Corps, but who has been serving for 20 years on the staff of the Governor of Hunan. He now wishes to return ho me --- Rescript : Granted.  Let the Board of War take note.